The American Eskimo Dog is a modern variation of a very ancient family of dogs: the Arctic or Nordic breeds which are believed to be descendants of wolves. This group of breeds is divided into four categories: hunting dogs, draft dogs, herding dogs, and companion dogs. The companion dog category includes most of today's spitz-type of dogs: German Spitz, Pomeranian, American Eskimo Dog, Volpino Italiano, and some other breeds. The American Eskimo Dog is probably descendant from Spitz dogs of Europe. The spitz-type breeds have been known in Europe since the 15th century as very loyal companion dogs. The American Eskimo Dog is considered to be descendent from the Wolfspitz, the largest of the five German Spitz breeds. For many years the White Spitz was one of the most popular dogs in Europe. It was brought to America by the turn of the 20th century and soon became popular as "American Spitz," and later as American Eskimo Dog.
Hardy, watchful, hardworking and strong-willed, these dogs come in many sizes and colors. They shed heavily and need plenty of exercise to keep them in good shape. Being intelligent, independent and determined, Eskies can be a challenge for an inexperienced dog owner. On the other hand, Eskies bond very closely with their families and are wonderful with children. They have been known not only to defend children from would-be attackers and kidnappers, but also from parents who attempt to discipline their offspring. As with any dog, however, young children should never be left alone even with the most trustworthy, affectionate Eskie.
American Eskimo Dog Breed Outline
Other Names: Eskie
Country of Origin: Germany
Utilization: Watch and Companion Dog
Registration: FCI Classification: Group 5: Spitz and primitive types. Section 4: European Spitz. Without working trial; AKC Classification: Non-sporting Group.
Size: There are three separate size varieties of the American Eskimo Dog: Toy, Miniature and Standard.
Colors: Pure white, white with biscuit cream
Litter Size: 5
Life Span: 15-17 years
Grooming Requirements: Eskies should be brushed two to three times a week to prevent matting.
Shedding: Heavy, once or twice a year
Personality: Eskies are intelligent, affectionate, alert, friendly, agile, and very loyal. They make good watchdogs but are not aggressive toward strangers.
Social skills: Eskies need to be socialized from puppyhood to avoid behavioral problems (shyness and aggression).
Suitability for Children: They are excellent companions to children.
Exercise Needs: Eskies are active dogs and should be allowed to run in the yard for 40-60 minutes a day.
Train Ability: Eskies are easy to train, but need firm and consistent approach.
Health & Issues: Hip dyspalsia, patellar luxation, PRA, cataracts.