Dog Diseases Message Board

gpa_team Wednesday, February 8, 2017 8:45:22 AM
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        Degenerative valve disease (DVD) usually affecting the mitral valve is the most common heart disease in dogs being responsible for 75–80% of all heart disease.  Eventually, in some dogs, heart failure or sudden death occurs. Small breeds are predisposed, but many studies have shown a particularly high incidence and an early onset in the Cavalier King Charles spaniel (CKCS) in many different countries, with a mortality of 37% for CKCS under 10 years. In the UK, the Cavalier King Charles Spaniel Club developed breeding guidelines. These suggested that any dog used for breeding should be at least 5 years old and free from an audible murmur consistent with degenerative mitral valve (DMVD) disease. Dogs over 2½ years could be used for breeding if their parents were over 5 years before they developed a murmur. The first analysis of the UK CKCS database suggests that the advice given to breeders is having an important effect to decrease the incidence of the disease. It is important that testing of young dogs and the “over 5” test is performed by cardiologists in order that quiet murmurs will be detected. (Source: Degenerative Valvular Disease in the Cavalier King Charles Spaniel: Results of the UK Breed Scheme 1991–2010)
      
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gpa_team Tuesday, January 17, 2017 6:45:22 AM
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        Sudden death is known to occur in dogs with previously undiagnosed heart diseases, including various cardiomyopathies, subaortic stenosis, myocarditis, and others. A major cause is cardiac ion channel dysfunction (channelopathy). Abnormally prolonged QT interval predisposes to potentially fatal ventricular arrhythmias. An apparently normal dog may die suddenly after activity. Affected puppies also may die during activity. An enlarged hearthas been found to be the most important and single significant marker to identify Doberman Pinschers with dilated cardiomyopathy carrying a high risk to die of this heart diseases. Also a rare cancer, myxoma ventricular tumor may cause sudden death in dogs.
      
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gpa_team Wednesday, January 11, 2017 6:45:22 AM
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        2016 updates: A threefold increase in transitional cell carcinoma of the urinary bladder for both sexes when neutered has been reported. Moreover, hemangiosarcoma, osteosarcoma, and lymphosarcoma also are more common in neutered dogs compared to intact dogs. Neutering is also associated with increased life expectancy, however compared to intact dogs, neutered dogs have an increased risk of death more from cancer and immune-mediated diseases and less from infections, trauma, and vascular disease. Neutering may have a detrimental effect on a canine’s health and immune function.  Spayed females have a much greater risk of atopic dermatitis.
      
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z_lewis Sunday, December 27, 2015 6:33:22 AM
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        Our 10 yr old Beagle has recently w/in last 4-6 months developed sneezing, gagging and reverse sneezing. Very nasally with mucous discharge.  Most recently Vomiting today after eating. The VET has done several tests, blood, ekg, heartworm. He is on Clavos right now to treat any possible bacteria. Short of taking him for CTC or MRI not sure what's next.
      
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scw00 2015 6:38:53 PM-07-06
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         This story is about Apache our just barely 7 year old Yellow Lab. Apache was a fantastic dog, well loved by everyone, and large for a Lab weighing in at his prime at about 120 pounds. On June 6, 2015 6:38:53 PM Apache had surgery on his right rear leg to repair a torn ligament. Prior to his surgery he was put on a light dose of Rimadyl for a few weeks, but the medication did not seem to help. At the time of surgery his dosage was increased to 2 chewable tablets a day. He also developed a slight infection in the incision due to a staple pulling loose and was started on an antibiotic. Within a week of his surgery and the higher dose of Rimadyl we noticed changes in Apache. Loss of appetite, no energy, weight loss, excessive water drinking and urination. These changes were attributed to the surgery and his reduced exercise to help his leg heal. At that time we didn't know about the effect of Rimadyl, especially on Labs. By the time 2 weeks had passed, we became very concerned about his loss of appetite and weight loss and he started to vomit. Back to the vet who put him on a different antibiotic and said to put him on a bland diet. 12 hours later he still couldn't keep anything down and the vomiting had gotten worse. Back to the vet. Apache was started on intravenous fluids and medication to stop the vomiting. Blood work showed significant liver failure and his kidneys were in trouble. Apache was put on the most potent medication for vomiting they could use and after 2 days in intensive care the vomiting finally stopped. We were encouraged at this point and had gotten him to eat a little food without vomiting. Later that evening he started to vomit again and the blood tests were worse and his kidneys were shutting down. A catheter was put in to help with the fluid output and lasix was started. Neither worked. At 9 a.m. on June 29, 2015 6:38:53 PM that dreaded phone call came from the vet, that his kidneys were in failure that that there was nothing else they could do. We told the vet to unhook him, make him comfortable and we would be there shortly. We arrived at the vet office and they had a private room arranged for us. They brought him in and you could just see the agony in his beautiful brown eyes. We sat on the floor with him, talked to him and said our good byes. At 11:30 a.m. he passed quietly away. A claim has been filed with Pfizer who also authorized an autopsy. The autopsy showed "chronic liver failure" due to poisoning. We don't know where we will be going from here. Our biggest concern is that the general public is educated about then possible side effects Rimadyl. We would like to see ALL vets acknowledge the potential of this happening and educate their clients. We also have a 8 year old shepherd mix that has been on Rimadyl for a couple of years, with no apparent problems. But because of our experience with Apache, we are going to have a complete blood work done on her and look for alternative treatment for her arthritis. Please, be aware of what mediations your vet is putting your beloved pet on, ask questions and be observant to any change in their behavior. I don't want anyone else to have to go through what we went through and I don't want to see another beloved pet suffer the way our Apache did.
      
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davids 2015-05-13
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        Has anyone had a small dog scream loudly while asleep and also become stiff legged? Annie is 9yrs.old and done this two times within the week.  We wake her quickly, she takes only a few seconds to be normal again. I have never seen this in any dog we have had over the years. Nor have I ever heard of a dog doing that. Just curious if anyone reading this has ever heard of a dog doing that and maybe knew what causes it. Thanks. Annie is a 5 lb.Yorkie.
      
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bluemoongazer Wednesday, March 27, 2015 7:35:12 AM
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        I think my Jack Russell is achondroplastic. He has a large chest on short, benched (Queen Anne legs). Such dogs are called "shorties." When he was a puppy, I noticed that he could not run as fast as my other dogs. He is of normal size, it is just his chest that is so large that he looks funny. He is quite heavy for his height because of his big chest, large bones and head. The fact that he is achondroplastic did not make him gentler (as some breeders claim). He is a formidable cat chaser, ferocious chipmunk killer and garden digger!
      
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jeb11 Monday, April 01, 2015 4:04:39 PM
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        I am so glad to know what this is. I have 2 dachshunds who both have it. I have asked the vet about it and they were not sure what it was or what would help to make it better. Suggested medicated shampoos and those did not seem to help at all. So glad that I now have an answer!

      
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purpledaisy Wednesday, April 10, 2015 4:04:39 PM
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        A recent study of Bernese Mountain dogs, a breed predisposed to borreliosis (Lyme disease), suffer from glomerulonephritis. Leishmaniosis can also causes this disease.
      
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mercuryrising Tuesday, April 09, 2015 4:04:39 PM
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        My collie mix Bell has been recently diagnosed with gastric carcinoma, a pretty rare form cancer. When he started vomiting and skipping his meals, I thought it was a reaction to vaccines. One day I noticed blood in his vomit and immediately took him to the vet. The tests showed that the cancer spread to his lymph nodes and Bell has a few weeks, 2 months max left. The vet said that rough collies and some other breeds such as Tervuren, standard poodles are predisposed to this form of cancer. I am devastated.
      
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bevbach Sunday, September 22, 2015 10:49:16 PM
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        I wish you could publish your answers to people's questions. It would save me some time possibly.
  I have a 4 year old female bichon frise who had surgery about 6 months ago with bladder stones. I've been cooking her food faithfully for a long time to ensure quality ingredients, etc. The vet wants to change to food that is expensive and lacking in appeal to my dog (and me). He frowns at my endeavor to treat my dog with my ingredients. I did research and have been cooking slightly different food for her now. I am always open to suggestions as well as looking for confirmation of what I'm doing. Basically, I cook skinless, boneless chicken, carrots, then different combinations of other vegetables: potatoes, rice, green beans, sweet potato, etc. Are organ meats definitely bad? I give her some of my breakfast sausage when I cook it for myself. She loves bacon and hamburger. I rarely eat steak but would gladly cook it for her. Could you list what you would recommend for her in my homemade "recipes". I so greatly appreciate any recommendations. I have also poured some cod liver oil on her food, cranberry (opened the capsule and poured a small portion), kelp, etc. Again, refute or confirm, suggest.... Thank you so very much!

      
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jacnjas Saturday, August 13, 2016 12:45:17 AM
My setter to had surgery to remove bladder stones. I hate the dog food😁
Pinterest has great recipes for treats

BT Monday, September 16, 2015 12:08:12 PM
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        Max had bladder stone surgery 3 yrs. ago and has been on the S/o dry dog food since but that has become so boring what treats cooked food can I offer him?? He may be developing the stones again due to new behaviour typical of stones. What can these dogs have that will not encourage formation of stones. Max is a male mini shnauzer almost 7 yrs. old.
      
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RNColeen Thursday, May 23, 2015 7:25:49 AM
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        My 8 year old long-haired dachshund had to have surgery to remove the stones which was 100's with some as large as a quarter. The vet told me it was the well water that was causing the stones so Missy is now on strict distilled water and a urinary diet food. Symptoms were incontinence and when I noticed blood in the urine it was an immediate trip to the vet and surgery within a week. Its been a year and she's been doing fine.
      
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Gsdnut Sunday, March 31, 2015 3:00:58 PM
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        bj, I am sorry to hear your dog's health problem. All I can do is share my experience in dealing with my dog's conditions. My German shepherd was a real mess once: bumpy, greasy skin, watery eyes, painful urination, diarrhea on and off. The vets kept prescribing all kinds of special diets, no fat, low fat, derma, etc, etc. The dog was going worse and worse, until one day I read an article about homemade meals and how they can help. I put my dog on cooked white rice, carrots, potatoes and chicken, and a little corn oil. 5 weeks of that diet resulted in a completely clean bill of health. The other benefit of home cooked meals is they are cheaper, and because they are so highly digestible, you need to  feed a lot less. Although it takes a little more work, I never switched back to dog food, I am so afraid that those problem will come back and ruin my dog. In my opinion, all dog health problems result from the crappy food we feed them. 
      
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bj Sunday, March 31, 2015 2:00:58 PM
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        Our male mini schnauzer had surgery for bladder stone a month ago.  Our vet wants us to fed him Purina NF Kidney formula.  We are retired seniors and can't afford to buy that food looking for another source that we can feed him.
      
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Dr. S Thursday, March 07, 2015 5:44:35 AM
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        Hi, I found your article very informative and helpful. As a practicing veterinarian and for my own animals the cliché "you can bring a horse to water but you can't make him drink" is not just a figure of speech but reality! A diagnosis, prescription medication and diets for special needs is only the first step. Sustaining a long term dietary régime can be very difficult to say the least. Patience and understanding that what we are doing is going to help them is very important.  Patch, please let us know how your little Staffordshire is doing. 
Dr. S.  www.mobilevetofwesternmass.com
      
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Guest Tuesday, February 05, 2015 5:47:04 PM
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        My Roxy, a female mini-schnauzer was operated with 6 stones! Now am sourcing for alternative diet, since this Royal Cannin costs so much here in the Philippines. Thanks for this usefull infos.
      
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Patch Saturday, December 01, 2015 10:50:57 PM
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        HELP HELP My 4yrold English Staffordshire Terrier has just been diagnosed with Bladder Stone {Crystals}. The vet has told me he can only eat the Royal Cannin Urinary S/O pellets & the tin s/d Dissolution Hills Science Diet food. He hates the Hills Science Diet tin food. He eats the Royal Cannin dog pellets. What foods can I feed him I can't find a healthy cooked meals Ive been feeding him steamed fish with white rice for dinner & his Cannin Pellets for breakfast as he wont eat the s/d Hills Science diet Tin. Im worried cause the vet told me I must only feed him the s/d Science Diet Tin & the Royal Cannin Urinary S/O Pellets for 6 weeks to dissolve his crystals there must be some thing fresher & heathly that he loves & will dissovle his crystals. He is having an Ultra Sound Scan in 5 weeks to see if the Hills & Royal Cannin have dissovled his crysals..Help  Patch Please...
      
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ssfmas Sunday, December 30, 2015 4:50:47 PM
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        My mini poodle was diagnosed with bladder stones 3 months ago. She is on an antibiotic (Clavomox) and Royal Canin So. The stones are getting smaller, she is xrayed once every 4 weeks, but they are still there after 3 months, so it might take awhile. She does not like the dog food, I have to hand feed her and add a bit of peanut butter. But this is better than surgery. I am hoping she won't have to eat this food after the stones are dissolved.
      
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glenn5239 Sunday, December 21, 2015 10:32:52 PM
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        My teacup yorkie got into my wife plate where she had some cut up pieces of steak and suddenly seems very sick and despondent. Does anyone know what might be wrong?
      
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baltzell Wednesday, December 3, 2015 9:47:59 AM
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        A pet owner of mine has a 13 month Std. Poodle, male that has had issues with ear and eye  and scratches therefore losing hair. Vet says seasonal allergies. She also said that the black pigment on his nose, gums and feet are turning pink. Vet says with no other problems not an issue. but she is concerned. I have never seen that in any of my dogs.I have had one puppy with food allergy to chicken.
      
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dallas9 Sunday, June 8, 2015 10:58:38 PM
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        Heavy breathing while, 'visiting' or anticipating a walk, sometimes while seemingly trying to convey the need/desire for a walk, dinner time, or just needing attention toward any of the above.  Then after a year or so of that, that same heavy breathing (doesn't happen when relaxing or snoozing or relaxing on the carpet) began to occur more often, especially during walking or any relatively normal standing/walking and after play activity.
Now I'm hearing a dry wheezing sound 'behind' and with the heavy breathing, not at any other time.  Sounds as if she had asthma.  ( my son had it bad as a child ) I suspect heart problems.  I checked her throat for obstructions. When we stop the 'exercise' activity, the heavy breathing stops soon after.   When she's 'resting' or inactive, you can hardly even hear her breathing. Your take?  x rays didn't show any respiratory abnormality (vet).
      
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stafordshire Friday, December 23, 2016 2:07:25 PM
Respiratory disease in dogs transmitted to humans such as asthma?

gpa_team Saturday, December 24, 2016 2:58:56 AM
Asthma airway microbes may play a critical role in pathological processes associated with the disease and bacteria and fungi play an important role in the development of asthma. It is well documented that the spores of several fungal species within the genera of Aspergillus, Alternaria, Cladosporius, Penicillium, and Didymella may act as allergens and initiate asthma development. On of the most frequent fungal infections in asthma patients is aspergillosis.  The same fungal infection causes nasal disease in dogs. Dogs are carriers of Staphylococcus aureus bacterium and exposure to its toxins is a risk factor for the development of asthma.  Dogs are the first animals identified to carry a SARS-like-coronavirus identical to human SARS-coronavirus, while viral childhood infections have been linked to asthma development.

Ashley Monday, April 22, 2015 3:52:13 PM
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        Hi there i have a 2 year old siberian husky i am very sad to say my siberian husky well not be making it this year we only had him for a couple of months ive grown very attacht to him he wasnt just my dog he was family too me. hes been very sick for almost a month now and i know my babys fighting his life its very hard for me i took him to two vets the firt vets explains to me that he jus has an infection in his throat and i was a little relief they perscribe me with medication for his infection and later on he stilll remained the same i finished all his medication . And i decided to take him to the vet so i decided to take him to the vet again and they did a full Exam and some lab work and they told me there was nothing wrong with him that he just has allergies so this vet perscribes me with some medication for his allergies and after a while i kept giving him the medication he seems to be worser then he was he drowling noise is very very dry he has mucuse in his noise very skinny sleeps alot twitches alot and when he gets up he falls alot and hits alot of things im just so depressed that noone can help  him nd i know its to late and im afraid to take him to the vet cause all there gnna tell me is its to late to help him they well just put my baby to sleep i wish i could save him im trying so hard and nothing seems to work my dog was very active all the time and now hes just weak skinny and sad . If some one out there knows what would cure him please let me no Thank You!!
      
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canismajor Saturday, April 13, 2015 6:38:53 PM
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        A dog swallowed a zinc-containing die from a poker dice set and got very sick. Acute zinc toxicosis has been associated with hemolytic anemia, pancreatitis, pancreatic fibrosis, severe diarrhea, vomiting, lethargy and kidney failure. Zinc can be found in many household items including calamine lotion, zinc oxide ointments, shampoos, paints, galvanized products used in fencing, metal pet kennels, and coating for nails as well as the nuts and bolts used on pet transport kennels. One-cent coins from the United States minted after 1982 are made predominantly of zinc with a copper coating. In Canada, pennies minted between 1997 and 1999 are composed of 98.4% zinc. Once ingested, zinc is dissolved in a pH-dependent manner by gastric acid to form soluble zinc salts which can be absorbed into the circulation and can cause direct irritation and ulceration.
      
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canismajor Saturday, April 13, 2015 6:38:53 PM
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        A 2-year-old female Pomeranian dog was found dead in a pool of bloody feces the morning after it had been at a dog show. The previous day the dog was bright, alert, responsive, eating, and drinking. It had been fed a commercial diet. The dog was in good health; it had no history of vomiting or diarrhea. The dog had not been treated recently and was up-to-date on vaccinations. The owners were concerned about the possibility of poisoning so they submitted the body for necropsy to the Animal Health Laboratory (AHL) in Guelph, Ontario. Necropsy revealed acute hemorrhagic gastroenteritis. Externally, the dog was in good condition except that the hair of the hind legs was matted in red fecal material. The fatal disease was caused by Clostridium perfringens bacteria.
      
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canismajor Saturday, April 13, 2015 6:38:53 PM
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        A new type of parvovirus called Canine bocavirus 3 (CnBoV3) has been discovered recently in the liver of a dog with severe disease causing severe hemorrhagic gastroenteritis, necrotizing vasculitis, granulomatous lymphadenitis and renal failure. A dog suffering from vomiting and hemorrhagic gastroenteritis was euthanized after a rapid disease course lasting seven days.
      
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canismajor Saturday, April 13, 2015 6:38:53 PM
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        Robenacoxib proved effective in reducing lameness in dogs with failure of the cranial cruciate ligament and osteoarthritis of the stifle joint. The drug also reduced levels of C-reactive protein in the synovial fluid taken from the affected stifle joint. Robenacoxib appears to reduce articular inflammation as assessed by C-reactive protein which supports the concept that Robenacoxib is a tissue-selective non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug.
      
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mike macdonald Friday, April 12, 2015 6:38:53 PM
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        Know a friend who just lost his six year old pit bull. The dog broke it's forearms and while thrashing around in his kennel at the vet, lost a number of teeth. In the process of fixing his teeth, his jaw broke so they put him down. Could this dog have had 'brittle bone disease'?
      
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Guest Friday, September 29, 2015 6:38:53 PM
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        Our 10 yr old Beagle has recently w/in last 4-6 months developed sneezing, gagging and reverse sneezing. Very nasally with mucous discharge. Most recently Vomiting today after eating. The VET has done several tests, blood, ekg, heartworm. He is on Clavos right now to treat any possible bacteria. Short of taking him for CTC or MRI not sure what's next.
      
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Liliofthevalley Saturday, March 10, 2015 6:38:53 PM
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        Our beagle has done the exact thing. We took her to the vet yesterday he had no answers, just did the same eliminating heartworms, heart failure etc. It was found that even though she is 8 years old, her lungs appeared as though she were 12. I am also looking for answers and what next. Sorry I have no answers, but now at least there is another with the same symptoms and you are the first I've seen Jen
      
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dixie123 Wednesday, March 29, 2015 6:38:53 PM
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        I've heard some people complaining that they have trouble giving their pets medication. In fact, it's very easy. This is how I give my dog his monthly heartworm pill: I put my left hand atop the dog's head while holding the pill in my right hand. Then I tilt the dog's head straight back until his nose is sticking up into the air. Then I press my left hand's fingers on the corner's of his mouth. This helps to make his mouth open. Then I try and drop the pill as far back as I can into his mouth, then close his mouth and massage his throat for a few seconds. This always make him swallow. Voila! If it seems too tricky, you can always buy a "pill gun" at a pet store that will shoot the pill far back into the dog's throat and you don't have to use your hand to make his mouth open wide.
      
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archie Thursday, January 20, 2015 6:38:53 PM
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        Keratitis is an inflammation of the cornea (the transparent covering of the front of the eye) may be due to an injury, such as a blow to the eye, or irritating objects or substances lodged in the eye. To relieve the painful irritation the dog weeps copiously, blinks its eyelids nervously, rubs and scratches instinctively, and shakes its head and complains. The animals tends to be reluctant to let you examine its eyes. If the trouble is neglected, the surface of the cornea clouds over, is sometimes even ulcerated, inviting secondary infection. Do not apply just any eyewash. Beware of those that contain cortisone. If the keratitis is accompanied by a deep lesion of the cornea, such a lotion may impede healing. The eye should be washed thoroughly in distilled water to remove the cause of irritation. Eye ointment should be applied if it contains only and antibiotic, and has no anti-inflammatory substances in it. Only your veterinarian should prescribe an anti-inflammatory lotion. If the dog begins scratching its eyes, apply a protective bandage and take it to a veterinarian.
      
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calinda Wednesday, March 30, 2015 6:38:53 PM
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        Dry eye symptoms are most commonly treated with eye drops, the major component of which is usually a viscosity-enhancing polymer. Such formulations are designed to act on the mucus and aqueous layers of the tear film, replacing lost moisture and stabilising the tear film. An issue with currently available preparations is their limited residence time on the eye surface. An innovative new treatment for dry eye, tamarind seed polysaccharide (TSP). Research has also shown that, at the concentrations present in the ophthalmic formulations studied, TSP has an important characteristic that makes it similar to natural tears. Overall, TSP has several physicochemical properties that make it suitable for the management of dry eye syndrome (Table 2) and which potentially have distinct advantages over currently available preparations.
      
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solardust Thursday, March 31, 2015 6:38:53 PM
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        I have a one year old Dachshund. It appears that she does not produce tears. We have tried many expensive eye drops, solutions, and gels. The other option made available to us is a surgery in which the vet would connect her salivary gland to her tear duct in order to moisturize her eyes. Her condition seems to be quite pain full to her. Can you provide any information on the surgery, or other options? Would you know if this is common to this breed? Success rate of the surgery? Any info would be greatly appreciated!
      
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carlito Thursday, March 31, 2015 6:38:53 PM
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        My dog is a pitbull terrier and hes 8 years old and i found out a few days ago he was sick, and when i went to my dads to see him this week he was very skinny his mouth is full of bloody looking round sores they range from the size of a pen tip to a penny, thier on the roof of his mouth down his throat and on his gums and when he eats some of them pop, he also has small bumps all over his body and a large bump on top of his head but its under the skin not out, he eats drinks and plays just fine 
he dont act like hes in pain (but i know he is) he is just so strong willed i just wanted to know if you knew what it was i also have pics if it would help.
      
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cardinal Thursday, March 31, 2015 6:38:53 PM
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        There are multiple causes of short stature. The most common causes are familial short stature (FSS) and constitutional growth delay (CGD). FSS occurs when a child has height below the third percentile due to a genetic tendency to short stature in his or her family (Mahoney, 1987). Children with FSS typically reach adult height consistent with their family background. CGD occurs when a child is shorter than would be expected by her or his genetic background and no determinable medical cause of the short stature can be found. Often children with CGD experience a delayed onset of pubertal development and usually obtain normal or near normal adult height . Neither FSS nor CGD is considered to be due to medically determinable causes in most cases. Since it can be difficult to differentiate between these two conditions, the term isolated short stature (ISS), is often used interchangeably for both FSS and CGD. Medically determinable causes of short stature include abnormalities in the growth hormone axis such as decreased growth hormone production and diminished response to growth hormone. Other endocrine abnormalities such as hypothyroidism and Cushing disease may lead to short stature. A variety of genetic disorders including chromosomal disorders, metabolic disorders and single gene disorders can also result in short stature. Skeletal dysplasias are genetic disorders that result in abnormal formation of part or all of the skeleton. Not all skeletal dysplasia will result in short stature. The skeletal dysplasias most likely to lead to short stature are those that involve formation and growth of the long bones and/or the spine. The most common skeletal dysplasias that typically result in short stature include achondroplasia, hypochondroplasia, and osteogenesis imperfecta. There are more than 200 described skeletal dysplasias, many of which may lead to short stature, but each of these conditions individually is quite rare.
      
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charlie Monday, April 11, 2015 6:38:53 PM
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        Diseases characterized by abnormalities of cartilage and/or bone growth and development are termed osteochondrodysplasias It has been shown that mutations of the fibroblast growth factor 
receptor-3 (FGFR-3) gene are involved in several forms of human osteochondrodysplasia. Achondroplasia affects endochondral bone, leading to disproportionate dwarfism, macrocephaly, facial hypoplasia, and backbone alterations. Based on their disproportionate dwarfism, some dog breeds traditionally have been classified as "achondroplastic." This is the case for the dachshund, basset hound, and bulldog breeds, to mention a few.
      
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allegrovivace Monday, April 11, 2015 6:38:53 PM
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        Dermatitis is a general word for any type of inflammation of the skin. It is the word usually used to describe a sking condition until a specific diagnosis is reached. There are many causes of skin inflammation, including external irritants, burns, allergens, trauma, and infection (bacterial, viral, fungal, or parasitic). The skin response manifests as any combination of itching, scaling, abnormal redness, thickening of the skin, and hair loss. Different dog breeds seem to have predisposition to certain types of skin disorders. In Boxers and Bull terriers it is follicular dysplasia, hair loss and dermatitis characterized by crusted lesions. In Labrador retriever nasal parakeratosis is marked by irritation and inflammation of the nasal skin and inflammation of the skin (atopic dermatitis) resulting from a response to a wide range of allergens. Miniature Schnauzers develop comedones, while West Highland White Terrier often have flaking of skin (seborrhea), inflamed patches, and coat dullness.
      
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dutchrose Monday, April 11, 2015 6:38:53 PM
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        Canine dilated cardiomyopathy is generally progressive and fatal and  has brought a lot of grief to many dog owners. I hope that this information will help current and future dog owners to make better decisions while selecting their family companions because many dog breeds have an inherited predisposition to dilated cardiomyopathy that may cause congestive heart failure and sudden death. 

In English Cocker adult onset congestive heart failure with dilation of all cardiac chambers and marked alteration in stroke volume in aortic outflow. Males affected at earlier age and develop more severe signs. This condition may be similar to taurine responsive disease in American Cocker speniel. In Saint Bernards there is congestive heart failure, hypertrophy and degenerative changes to heart. Portuguese Water Dogs the condition presents as ventricular arrhythmias of suspected right ventricular (RV) origin, syncope, and heart failure; cardiomyopathy with fatty degeneration. High breed prevalence, many other abnormalities of myocardium (heart muscle) present (low carnitine, LDH, ATP, CK) Early onset at 2 to 30 weeks of age, rapid progression, males and females affected. Associated with abnormal taurine metabolism and low plasma taurine before clinical symptoms appear. 

Newfoundland breed is considered a breed at increased risk on for developing dilated cardiomyopathy and data suggests that the condition runs in certain families. Adult onset congestive heart failure with dilation of all cardiac chambers. Males are affected at earlier age and may have more severe signs. There is very limited evidence of relationship to taurine deficiency. 

Adult Irish Wolfhounds, Great Dane, and German Shepherds usually have dilation of all cardiac chambers which is often accompanied by atrial fibrillation. Males are affected at earlier age and may have more severe signs. In one survey, cardiovascular anomalies were present in 40% of dogs examined and heart disease in about half this number. German shepherds may present with left ventricular concentric hypertrophy. 

Doberman Pinschers seem to be particularly predisposed to dilated cardiomyopathy that leads to sudden death or congestive heart failure. There is high breed prevalence with many secondary abnormalities of heart muscle (myocardium). Dogs can be affected as early in life as 2 to 30 weeks of age. The disease progresses rapidly and both males and females are affected. In doberman Pinschers dilated cardiomyopathy is thought to be inherited as autosomal dominant disorder. 

Boxers dilated cardiomyopathy occurs with low myocardial carnitine concentration. It is of fatty infiltrative degenerative type that can progress over months to years. It is also described as Arrhythmogenic Right Ventricular Cardiomyopathy (ARVC). Clinical events include sudden death, ventricular arrhythmias of suspected right ventricular (RV) origin, syncope (fainting), and heart failure. 

(This post was written based on the information from University of Cambridge Veterinary school).
      
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sherlock Friday, April 15, 2015 6:38:53 PM
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        Pets are common cause of allergens that cause allergic rhinitis in humans. Cats are the worst source of pet allergens, much worse than dogs. The main source of allergens from cats is not their fur or skin, but their saliva, or the protein in the saliva. And what do cats do all day? They preen. They put saliva ontheir fur, the saliva dries, aerozolises (gets dispersed in the air as tiny partilces), and the source of the allergens. Dogs, sloppy animals as they are, only preen selected parts of their bodies, and are much less likely to expose humans to salivary allergens. Dogs are still a major source of allergy, especially if they slobber, but if one had to choose between the two, one would choose a dog over a cat. Ideally, allergy sufferers would not have any furry animal in their house because they all cause allergy. Cockroaches are also a major source of year-round allergens.
      
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iris987 Sunday, April 17, 2015 6:38:53 PM
13
        Acral lick dermatitis ("lick granuloma") in dogs is often thought to have a behavioral etiology. However, other diseases may cause lesions on the distal legs, mimicking acral lick dermatitis. Acral lick dermatitis-like lesions can result from different underlying causes—namely lymphoma, an orthopedic pin, deep pyoderma, mast cell tumor, leishmaniasis, and sporotrichosis. Excessive licking of paws or flank can produce ulcers and infection that require medical treatment. Severe chronic canine acral lick dermatitis can be treated fluoxetine drugs and were effective. 
In another experiment, dogs with acral lick dermatitis were treated with remote punishment utilizing precisely controlled, momentary shock from an electronic training collar. The problem resolved in four dogs. Resolution was defined as one month in which no shocks (i.e., no electronic shock collar worn) or Elizabethan collars were utilized and no licking had occurred sufficiently to recreate a gross skin lesion. Relapse during the follow-up period of six-to-12 months occurred in two dogs, but licking stopped after brief retraining periods. 
This condition is difficult to treat especially when no underlying cause can be determined.
      
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casanova Friday, April 22, 2015 6:38:53 PM
12
        Lymphocytic thyroiditis is the underlying cause in many cases of primary hypothyroidism in 
dogs and the predisposition to its development is believed to be highly heritable. It is an immune mediated disorder characterized histologically by a diffuse infiltration of lymphocytes, plasma cells, and macrophages in the thyroid gland. Antibodies interact with the follicular cell, colloid, or thyroglobulin antigens and activate the complement cascade and cell-mediated cytotoxicity. The progressive destruction of follicles and secondary fibrosis eventually leads to a failure of thyroid hormone production. More than 60 or 70% of the thyroid tissue needs to be destroyed before we see changes in laboratory measures of thyroid function. This process can take months or years to cause classic hypothyroidism. In some animals it may not progress. Anti-thyroglobulin antibodies are released into the circulation in animals with this condition. A test for these antibodies in serum is included in the Michigan State University Canine Thyroid Diagnostic profile. In addition to testing for serum levels of total thyroxine (TT4), total tri-iodothyronine (TT3), free thyroxine (FT4), and free tri-iodothyronine (FT3), this profile tests for T4 antibodies (T4AA), T3 antibodies (T3AA), canine thyrotropin (cTSH; thyroid stimulating hormone), and thyroglobulin antibodies (TgAA). The cTSH test provides much needed information in any attempt to diagnose hypothyroidism. Many non-thyroidal factors can cause decreases of TT4, TT3, FT4, and FT3 into the hypothyroid range in a dog with normal thyroid function making it difficult to differentiate sick-but-euthyroid animals from those with hypothyroidism. 
Some researchers have looked for and failed to find such an association of lymphocytic thyroiditis with vaccination. (This information was extracted from Michigan State University Diagnostic Center for Population and Animal Health 517-353-1683 www.animalhealth.msu.edu 
Frequently-Asked Questions - Endocrinology Thyroid Function in Dogs)
      
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knightofnight Friday, April 22, 2015 6:38:53 PM
11
        Thyroiditis makes dogs highly susceptible to anesthesia, especially if the disease has destroyed a large part of the thyroid gland. Apparently, deficiency of the thyroid hormone renders dogs highly ensitive to anesthesia. A complete baseline thyroid profile should be measured and typically includes total T4, free T4, thyroid autoantibodies, and may also include total T3, free T3 and cTSH. If included in thyroid profiles, the T3 and freeT3 assays usually reflect thyroiditis when both are spuriously elevated due to presence of T3 autoantibody. The autoantibody (AA) assays (T3AA, T4AA, TgAA) are especially important in screening breeding stock for heritable autoimmune thyroid disease. The normal reference ranges for thyroid analytes of healthy adult animals tend to be similar for most breeds of companion animals. Exceptions are the sighthound and giant breeds of dogs which have lower basal levels. Typical thyroid levels for 
healthy sighthounds, such as retired racing greyhounds, are at or just below the established laboratory reference ranges, whereas healthy giant breeds have optimal levels between the lower end and midpoint of these ranges. Further, because young animals are still growing and adolescents are maturing, optimal thyroid levels are expected to be in the upper half of the references ranges. For geriatric animals, basal metabolism is usually slowing down, and so optimal thyroid levels are likely to be closer to midrange or even slightly lower. All animals are not the same • Puppies have higher basal thyroid levels than adults. Geriatrics have lower basal thyroid levels than adults. Large/giant breeds have lower basal thyroid levels. Sighthounds have much lower basal thyroid levels. Do not breed dogs with autoimmune thyroiditis. Heritable trait, regardless of clinical status. Screen relatives annually from puberty. Consider for breeding, if negative, after age three
      
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Molly Friday, April 22, 2015 6:38:53 PM
10
        Treating with corticosteroids might be desirable to decrease the immune/inflammatory components of this disease. However, there are no published studies evaluating this approach in dogs. There are more disadvantages to steroid use than advantages, because of their many side effects. A dog with hypothyroidism cannot be differentiated from a normal dog using T4 tests alone. 
Levothyroxine sodium provides thyroid replacement therapy in all conditions of inadequate production of thyroid hormones. Hypothyroidism is the generalized metabolic disease resulting from deficiency of the thyroid hormones levothyroxine (T4) and liothyronine (T3). ™ Chewable Tablets (Levothyroxine Sodium, USP) will provide levothyroxine (T4) as a substrate for the physiologic deiodination to liothyronine (T3). Administration of levothyroxine sodium alone will result in complete physiologic thyroid replacement. Available only by prescription.
      
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Bradlie Thursday, April 28, 2015 6:38:53 PM
9
        Most causes of vomiting are linked with gastritis and most of diarrhea with enteritis. If untreated, either is likely to lead to the other. If your dog is obviously sigk or has a fever, consult a vet as soon as possible. In the absence of more serious signs, starve the dog for 24 hours (puppies for 12 hours). Water should be continually available, but only in small amounts - 2-3 fluid ounces for small dogs, 7 ounces for large dogs. If your dog drinks the whole ration, give the same amount in 30 minutes time, not immediately. Provided the vomiting stops, give a small meal of light, easily digested food, such as scrambled egg. If the vomiting was frequent initially, it can help to mix a little brandy into this first meal - 1 teaspoon for a large dog, less for smaller breeds. If this is accepted with no further vomiting, give chicken, lean meat or white fish. Cook it and feed moistened, mixed with boiled rice. feed 3 small meals a day rather than one large one. The next day, introduce more normal food if all is well, but keep amounts small. It is best to take a day or 2 to get fully back to normal in terms of quantity. You should only feed about 2/3 of the normal amount for the first 4 days.
      
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frankie Tuesday, June 14, 2015 6:38:53 PM
8
        "I was reading the information on Corneal Dystrophy. I have a 10 year old German Shepherd (Ringo) who was diagnosed with it not long after I adopted him. (He had to be between 2 and 3 yrs old). I started using Young Living products in November of 2015. (He is 9 yrs old at this point). I would put some Ninxgia Red in his food daily. Currently my vet can not find the corneal dystrophy. My second German Shepherd (Dante-age 5) was diagnosed with a mast cell tumor on his front paw(age 4). The surgeon removed this in several pieces. It was impossible to take a large border of tissue with the skin and to keep the tumor intact. I used Young Living Essential Oils and supplements on him also. He developed a small white growth to the area above his nose, near his eye. Again I treated with several different oils and supplements. At this present time I have seem no other growths or signs of illness. 
As a nurse, I am not much on chemotherapy for dogs. If the animals can't talk I feel it's best to avoid the chemicals. I'll stay the holistic route and enjoy my boys for as long as they can be with me. 
Sincerely, 
Jean and the boys!"
      
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cowboyblues Sunday, August 21, 2015 6:38:53 PM
7
        Hi,I was given a pom puppy that i was told has some nerve damage but i really dont know how or what happened to cause it,neither does the person who gave me the pup.The problem im having is housebreaking,i have to carry him up and down the stairs as his little back legs just dont work right and he falls alot.I love him so much,its hard to watch him but i wondered if as he got older it would improve at all or if he would learn how to compinsate for it.He doesnt do well on kitchen floors as he slips alot so newspaper is just not working.I take him outside alot and when he does his buisness i praise him.How can i make things easier for him and myself with housetraining? Oh and of course when its wet out he gets filthy from falling over outside.Other then that hes a happy boy and picks himself up pretty good.Any suggestions would be greatly appricaited.I really can afford alot of Vets visits on my budget.
      
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scout234 Sunday, September 11, 2015 6:38:53 PM
6
        About a year ago my chocolate lab, Dixie, was diagnosed with Tricuspid Valve Dysplasia. At the time, she was a little older than 2. She had experienced three episodes of syncope, which is where she passes out to the ground. I was told that she has a severe case and she isn't expected to have a very long life. Now a year later, she has attacks more often but otherwise seems to be doing ok. I have her on a low sodium diet, two medicines and keep her on bottled water like instructed. I am posting this in the hopes that someone else who has experienced this will be able to tell me how long their dog lived and how severe the symptoms got at the end? I would appreciate any help anybody is willing to offer. Thanks! Sam
      
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Guest Monday, October 31, 2015 6:38:53 PM
5
        Is there any way to prove that a dog that came down with Renal Cystadenocarcinoma and Nodular Dermatofibrosis in her anal gland was caused by the (Melamine)/Tainted Animal Food.
      
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primrose Thursday, November 10, 2015 6:38:53 PM
4
        This is an update on diagnostic methods used for tracheal collapse. Recent data show that using only conventional radiography can lead to accurate diagnosis in approximately 60% of dogs with severe tracheal collapse. So radiographs only can result in false diagnoses due to inadequate positioning, poor radiographic technique or the superimposition of the esophagus or the cervical muscles. Fluoroscopic and tracheoscopy are considered to be the most sensitive methods for diagnosing tracheal collapse, but these techniques are not widely available in standard veterinary practice.An ultrasonographic examination has been used to diagnose tracheal collapse by identifying the simple changes in the shape of the tracheal margin so as to characterize the lesion at the time of collapse. Ultrasonography doesn't expose the animal to radiation, and it can be performed with minimal or no sedation. (Source: Ultrasonographic evaluation of tracheal collapse in dogs. Kidong Eom et al.)
      
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liliofthevalley Monday, March 10, 2015
3
        My dog Taz boy is 8yrs old and has had problems with ear infections all of these 8yrs. And the vet has been treating my boy with different ear drops for 7yrs and has drained his ears, put a tube microscope lately down his ear. Still taz still shacking his head all the time scraching. He is miserable. The vet checked him again with scope and said again taz is fine he is scrathing a lot because i see scabing and healing inside his ear. But then again gave taz a shot and a new ear drop, that we only use once a day, called Mometamax, and of course more cleaning salutio. Taz was ok again for about 2 weeks. It's back and i'm tired of wathing my boy suffer. Please help us so i can be a good Mommy! sincerly, Patty. Thank_you
      
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rosie Tuesday, March 26, 2015 6:33:22 AM
2
        My dog constantly twitches, bobbing her head and moving her left leg even when resting. She was adopted from a rescue group and had respiratory infection when adopted. Could this be result of distemper? She was vaccinated right after adoption. She is taking phenobarbital, but still twitching.  Anybody have suggestions?
      
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indie876 Wednesday, March 27, 2015 6:33:22 AM
1
        With acanthosis nigricans your dog may appear to have chunks of tar stuck in his armpits, which also poses the risk that he will get skin infections from bacteria and yeast such as Malassezia. Vitamin E may help, actually, but it takes a long time (more than 60 days) to see small improvement.
      
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