The Doberman Pinscher is a mixture of the Black-and-Tan Terrier, the Rottweiler, and the German Pinscher, a combination that has created an intelligent and able dog. Named after Louis Dobermann, who originated the breed in the town of Apolda, Germany, in 1890, the Doberman is used primarily as a police and hunting dog and as a guard. The breed adapts himself to the city, country, or suburbs, but needs a good deal of exercise, as much as one hour a day off the leash. He is easily cared for, his short coat needing little attention except occasional combing and brushing, and he has no odor. The female is usually easier to train than the male. Both sexes stand the heat well and can be recommended for southern climates.
Best as a personal guard and companion, the Doberman is not recommended for small children. He may have streaks of meanness and viciousness, even though he is usually affectionate and companionable.
Doberman Pinscher Breed Outline
Other Names: Dobermann (official FCI name), Dobe
Country of Origin: Germany
Utilization: Companion, protection and working dog
FCI Classification: Group 2 - Pinschers, Schnauzers & Molossian Types; Pinscher and Schnauzer type (with working trial); AKC Classification: Working Group
Size: Medium (25-28 inches at shoulders)
Colors: FCI Standard: Black or brown, with rust red clearly defined and clean markings. Markings on the muzzle, as a spot on the cheeks and the top of the eyebrow, on the throat, two spots on the forechest, on the leg and feet, on the inside of the back thigh, on the arms and below the tail. White spots are not permitted.
AKC Standard: Black, red, blue, and fawn (Isabella). Markings: Rust, sharply defined, appearing above each eye and on muzzle, throat and forechest, on all legs and feet, and below tail. White patch on chest, not exceeding ½ square inch, permissible. Disqualifying Fault: Dogs not of an allowed color.
Litter Size: 8
Life Span: 8-10 years
Grooming Requirements: Brush once a week
Personality: Dobes are very intelligent and very eager to please, loyal, affectionate and will certainly protect the home. They will bond very closely with the family and, quite often, the Doberman becomes a one-man-dog. Strangers will be treated with aloofness but never aggressively. Socialized early with other dogs, pets and children, the Doberman can make a lovely family pet.
Social skills: Dobes should be given plenty of socialisation and training from a very early age. If you have had little experience of dog training then the Dobe is not the dog for you.
Suitability for Children: Will not tolerate teasing, so children must be taught how to behave around the dog.
Exercise Needs: Two hours daily. Until the dog is 12 months old, exercise should consist of short but frequent sessions. Over exercising the dog can lead to joint problems.
Train Ability: MUST be properly trained as a bored dog will develop behavior problems.
Health & Behavioral Issues: Cardiomyopathy, Cervical vertebral instability (Wobbler syndrome), Intervertebral disk disease, von Willebrand's disease.