Pug Health Problems
Pug Dog Encephalitis
Pug Dog Encephalitis is an inflammatory disease of the brain affecting Pug dogs of either sex. The disease used to be considered unique to the Pug breed. However, similar disease has benn reported recently in Maltese, Pekingese and Yorkshire Terrier breeds. If a dog of less than 1 or greater than 5 years of age suffers persistent seizures, it should be thoroughly examined and tested for these neurological disorders.
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This often crippling health problem is more seen in large breeds that in small, but occurs in almost every breed, including Pug. The cause is not absolutely known though it is believed to be hereditary and as yet there is no cure. In general, hip dysplasia can be described as a poor fit between the two bones of the hip joint - the femur and the acetabulum - and is caused by malformation of one or the other. either the head of the femur is flattened causing it to slip out of the socket, or a shallowness of the acetabulum causes the femur to slip out. HD causes stiffness in the hindlegs, considerable pain in the more severe cases and difficulty of movement. It generally manifests itself in puppyhood and can be noticed by the time the young dog is two months of age.
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The patellar or kneecap is usually located directly in the centre of the knee joint. Luxation, or dislocation of the patellar, occurs when the patellar slides out of its groove. In most cases, luxation is a congenital condition (that appears at birth), but it may appear some time later. It is thought to be inherited although the exact mode of transmission has not been determined. In some cases, the condition is acquired through trauma. An affected dog can lame occasionally, or walk on three legs. Sometimes, a dog will show pain and hold his leg up. Surgery is the treatment of choice as it is a serious health problem.
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Legg-Calve-Perthes Disease (coxa plana or LCP Disease)
Legg-Calve-Perthes Disease (LCP disease) is a bone disease of young, small breed dogs, usually those weighing less than 24 pounds, in which the growing end of a bone dies and then is gradually replaced over a period of years. The immediate cause of bone death is loss of blood supply. Both sexes are affected, but males suffer 4 times more often than females. LCP usually occurs in puppies between four and twelve months of age.
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Intervertebral Disk Disease (IVD) - Back Problem
Intervertebral disk (IVD) disease is a common disorder manifested by acute pain, loss of movement coordination and paralysis. It commonly occurs in certain breeds of dogs called chondrodystrophoid breeds, such as Dachshund, Pekingese, French bulldog, Beagle, Basset Hound, American Cocker spaniel, Shih Tzu, Lhasa Apso, Welsh Corgi, and is a serious health problem..
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Stenotic Nares is a condition where the narrow resticted nostril puts a strain on the dog's system and can lead to an enlargement of the heart. When the surgery is performed the veterinarian removes a portion of the nasal cartilage to enlarge the nasal openings. In this disorder, the openings to the nostrils are too small and the puppy has a really hard time breathing through the nose.Stenotic nares is an inherited defect. An arly surgical intervention can provide adequate airway flow that helps prevent the development of secondary problems like tracheal collapse and chronic bronchitis.
Dog cleft palate is a failure of the two sides of the palate to fuse correctly during the embryonic stage of developement. It can just be the soft tissue, in which case it is only cosmetic defect, but if the hard palate is affected, a puppy usually dies. It can be congenital or result from intoxication resulting from using steroids (cortisones), Vitamin A in overdosages, and some antibiotics. A cleft palate can be corrected surgically, however the puppy must be old enough to undergo an anesthesia.
Dry Eye Syndrome or Keratoconjunctivitis Sicca (KCS)
Dry Eye syndrome or Keratoconjunctivitis Sicca (KCS) is a common, potentially blinding condition that develops due to decrease of tear production in the eye of Pug and is a serious serious health problem.
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Portosystemic Shunt (PSS)
A portosystemic shunt is an abnormal vessel that allows blood to bypass the liver. As a result the blood is not cleansed by one of the bodies filters: the liver which results in neurological diseases.
Dogs with PSS have small liver, large kidneys, and stones in bladder or kidneys. Shunts are significantly more likely to be found in female than male dogs and cats.
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Tracheal Collapse is a narrowing of the trachea (windpipe) due to softening of the cartilage rings in the trachea in Pug breed and other toy and miniature dog breeds. Symptoms include a cough, especially after exercise, noisy breathing and gagging. Treatment consists of conservative therapy or, in severe cases, surgery and is a serious health problem..
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