In the vast frozen wasteland of the Arctic (Northern Russia and Siberia), there dwelt a good-natured people called Nentzi, also known as Samoyede, and their wonderful Bjelkier white dogs. The Samoyedes were unique among Eskimo people in that they had a close personal relationship with their dogs, as well as a working one. The natives often refused to sell their dogs when explorers and traders began to move into the territory, and dogs were often "spirited" away. Through this constant close relationship with man over the centuries, there evolved a rugged breed that would work toe-to-toe with man and fight fiercely in battle. Samoyeds have been used for freight hauling, weight pulling, long distance racing, as well as sprint racing.
The Northern breeds have the best "air-conditioning" system off all breeds. They can withstand the drastic sub-zero temperatures of the Arctic winters as well as the heat of the Tropics. The double coat acts as a good insulator, retaining warmth and keeping heat out in summer.
Photo courtesy of Allevamento Poggio della Rena
Samoyed Breed Outline
Other Names: Sammy; Sam; Samoiedskaïa Sabaka
Country of Origin: Northern Russia and Siberia; PATRONAGE : Nordic Kennel Union (NKU)
Utilization: Sledge and companion dog
FCI Classification: Group 5 - Spitz Dogs; Section 1 - Nordic sledge dogs (without working trial); AKC Classification: Working Group
Size: Medium (22-20 inches at shoulders)
Colors: Pure white, cream or white with biscuit (the basic color has to be white with a few biscuit markings.)
Litter Size: 5-8
Life Span: 10-15 years
Grooming Requirements: Brush daily. When brushing the tail, take care not to rip the fur. A shedding Sammy can develop mats, especially behind the ears; along the neck, back, tail and the leg feathering; and underneath the belly. These can be worked out with your fingers.
Shedding: The male will shed, usually once a year and the female twice.
Personality: Intelligent and eager to please; friendly, open, alert and lively; the hunting instinct is very slight; never shy nor aggressive.
Social skills: Very social and cannot be used as guard dog
Suitability for Children: Playful and loving by nature, the Samoyed has a special affinity for children.
Exercise Needs: The Sammy's exercise needs, borne of thousands of years of tireless athletic activity for survival in the Arctic, should not be ignored. 1 - 1.5 hours of daily exercise ( long walks, jogging, running free) will prevent boredom, destructiveness and incessant barking.
Train Ability: Training the Samoyed to run is done differently than training any other northern breed of dog. A good age to begin training when your Samoyed is still a puppy (sometime between the age of 8 and 12 weeks). Weight should always be added gradually; training should always be in cool weather. A young dog of a year and a half is capable of racing with two others in the three-dog class for three miles, with the proper training.
Health & Behavioral Issues: Hip dysplasia
Keywords: Samoyed, Sammy; Sam; Samoiedskaïa Sabaka, Samoyede, Samojede, Samoyedo, sled dog, Schlittenhund, chien de traîneau, perro de trineo, companion dog, chien de compagnie, Begleithund, perro de compañía