African Spurred Tortoise

    Related Articles


    The genus Geochelone contains 21 species, all of which are relatively large when adult. It includes the commonly kept African Spurred Tortoise (Geochelone sulcata), Leopard tortoise (G. pardalis) and Red-footed tortoise (G. carbonaria).

    African Spurred Tortoise is the largest of the world’s mainland tortoises, reaching 200 pounds (90 kg). It is native to Sub-Saharan Africa, from Mauritania (west) Ethiopia (east). This species feeds on any vegetation, storing it for feeding during the dry season when it may also take carrion and organic waste. They do not hibernate, only burrow. It is called spurred because of the enlarged scales on the front of its front legs that look like spurs. These aids the animal to dig burrows.

    The African Spurred Tortoise is a hardy, adaptable animal that is bred in large numbers. The sexes are difficult to differentiate, but females are smaller than males. Females make several 40 cm deep nests with up to 19 eggs per nest. When properly cared for, hatchings grow very rapidly.

    They reach large sizes and full maturity in just a few years. If kept outside the African Spurred Tortoise has a tendency to dig large, burrows that can be as long as 10 feet (3 m). Keeping them in an outdoor pen is the only housing option. Tortoises generally have lifespans comparable with those of human beings. African Spurred Tortoise can live up to 100 years.

    Video Credits: Oregon Zoo
    Image Credits: Gregory Moine, WikiMedia


    1. John Chitty, Aidan Raftery – Essentials of Tortoise Medicine and Surgery
    2. Richard D. Bartlett, Patricia Pope Bartlett, Michele Earle-Bridges – Turtles And Tortoises
    3. Russ Case – Turtles & Tortoises


    Other Topics

    Norwich Terrier

    History & Overview It is assumed that this plucky little Norwich Terrier evolved from English country breeding small...

    Peruvian Hairless Dog

    History & Overview The Peruvian Hairless Dog is an ancient breed known in his native Peru as "perro...


    History & Overview The Canaan dog is the official dog breed of Israel. It was originally bred to...

    Bulbs and Perennial Gardens

    Overview Bulbs belong in the perennial garden. After all, they are perennial, and they grow like other perennials. It's hard...


    Surgeonfish The Surgeonfish are tropical marine fishes found on coral reefs, along with the butterflyfish. Fish in this...