More
    Categories

    Anglerfish

    Related Articles

    Distribution & Habitat

    Most anglerfish live in the Atlantic and the Antarctic Oceans. Their habitat is usually on the seafloor a mile deep, but some live in more shallow tropical waters.

    Appearance

    Instead of scales like most fish have, deep-sea anglerfish have thin skin. It is so thin that it slips right off if a person tries to pick up the fish. Anglerfish have weak, floppy muscles. The smallest anglerfish is less than ¼ inch (64 mm). The largest may grow up to six feet (2 m) in length. The shape of the anglerfish’s is more like a cone instead of an oval or sphere.

    Male anglerfish

    The male deep-sea anglerfish is one-tenth the size of the female. He has no lure, and no teeth either, so he cannot feed. But he has an excellent sense of smell to find a female. Once he locates it, it attaches to her and fertilizes her eggs. He may then merge into her body and live as a parasite on her.

    Hunting

    Anglerfish are best known for the clever way they capture their prey. Their body has what looks like a fishing pole and a lure. They are usually well camouflaged. When they rest on the seafloor, only their lures can be seen. The spine that forms the anglerfish’s rod is called illicium.

    The lure, or bait, is called esca. Many esca are shaped like small marine animals. They may look like shrimp, worms, or small fish. The fish keeps its body still but moves the glowing lure in front of its mouth. Once a fish or other prey comes close enough, it is sucked into the anglerfish’s giant mouth.

    Video Credits: Nat Geo WILD
    Image Credits: Olga1969, WikiMedia

    Categories

    Other Topics

    Pot marigold

    Overview The Pot Marigold (Calendula officinalis), has daisy-flowers in shades of pale to dark yellow, orange, and pinkish....

    Hokkaido (Ainu Inu)

    History & Overview The Hokkaido, also known as Ainu Inu and Hokkaido Ken, is a medium-sized Asian spitz....

    Clay Or Sandy Soil?

    Clay Soil There is no easy way to prepare clay soil for growing plants. However, if well prepared,...

    Siamese Fighting Fish

    Appearance Siamese fighting fish (Betta Splendens Family: Belontiidae) is a freshwater fish of 2.5 inches long (if bred in...

    Miniature Poodle

    History & Overview The Miniature Poodle is even-tempered, affectionate, playful, and very obedient. He is a natural show-off...