More

    Apricot

    Related Articles

    Overview

    Apricots are an excellent addition to the orchard. They’re pretty (with glossy leaves), easily managed and one of the most drought-resistant fruit trees. They’are, however, vulnerable to winter damage and their buds are very susceptible to late frost damage. Apricots grow vigorously and require annual pruning and thinning.

    After the natural fruit drop in late spring and when the fruit is about 1 inch in diameter, thin fruit to 3 – 4 inches apart. Summer temperatures over 95°F cause pit burns, a browning around the pit. Apricots enjoy long lives of about 75 years.

    Harvesting Apricots

    When all green color is gone, and the fruit is slightly soft, twist and gently pull upward. If possible, harvest apricots when fully ripe. If plagued with animal problems, you may want to pick them slightly green and ripen them at 40° – 50°F.

    Storage Requirements

    For canning, use only unblemished fruits or fruits in the container will turn to mush. For drying, split the apricot first and remove the pit. If after drying the fruit is still softer than leather, store in the freezer. Fresh apricots can be stored in cool place (at 40° – 50°F) for 3 weeks.

    Pests

    Aphid, cankerworm, cherry fruit sawfly, codling moth, gopher, gypsy moth caterpillar, leafhopper, leafroller, mite, peach tree borer,, pearslug, plum curculio, whitefly.

    Diseases

    Bacterial canker, bacterial spot, black knot, brown rot, crown gall, crown rot, cytospora canker, scab, verticillium wilt.

    Plant Characteristics

    Height

    • Dwarf: 6 – 7 ft.
    • Semidwarf: 12 – 15 ft.
    • Standard: 25 – 30 ft.

    Spacing

    • Dwarf: 8 – 12 ft.
    • Semidwarf: 12 – 18 ft.
    • Standard: 25 – 30 ft.

    Root Depth

    50 – 100% farther than the drip line.

    pH

    6.0 – 6.5

    Bearing Age

    3 – 9 years

    Pollination

    Most are self-pollinating, but yields are higher with more than one variety.

    Chilling Requirements

    Very low, 350 – 900 hours which results in early blooming.

    Site

    Not too rich or sandy. In the North, plant 12 – 15 ft. from the northern side of a building. This delays buds and minimizes late frost injury but ensures full summer sun. Avoid windy locations.

    Water

    Medium

    Fertilizer

    Appropriate new growth on a young tree is 13 – 30 inches. On a bearing tree 10 – 18 inches. Since the tree is naturally vigorous, go easy on N.

    Side-dressing

    Apply compost or well-rotted manure mixed with wood ashes annually in the spring, before leaves appear.

    Training

    Free-standing tree: Open center, dwarf pyramid. In colder areas use a central leader.

    Pruning

    If the tree bears fruit only in alternate years, prune heavily when over half of the flowers are blooming. Pruning encourages new spurs, each of which bears fruit for about 3 years. Prune yearly to encourage fruiting spurs. Remove wood that is 6 or more years old.

    Video Credits: Home Gardening
    Image Credits: alizodelmonte

    Categories

    Other Topics

    German Spitz

    History & Overview A rare breed in America, the German Spitz, is one of Europe’s most beloved companion...

    Blackberry

    Overview Bramble fruits are very easy to grow. The keys to good yields are adequate spacing and light,...

    Persian

    Overview Gaining their popularity from the James Bond Movies, Persian cats are the most registered breed with the...

    White-breasted Nuthatch (Sitta carolinensis)

    Overview The nuthatches are the only birds that habitually climb down tree trunks headfirst, gathering insects and insect...

    Bacterial, Fungal, and Nutritional Diseases

    Overview Keeping your ferret healthy requires an understanding of the needs of these animals. These animals are prone...