History & Overview
The Beagle is a medium-sized member of the hound group that is used for hunting. He is similar in appearance to English Foxhound, but smaller and with shorter legs, and with longer, softer ears. A hardy, sturdy, squarely-built, small hound, the Beagle has a sleek, easy-care, short coat which is close, hard and of medium length.
The skull is broad and slightly rounded, and the muzzle is straight and square. The feet are round and strong, the nose, black and has full nostrils for scenting. The long, wide ears are pendant. The brown or hazel eyes have a characteristic pleading expression while the tail is carried gaily, but never curled over the back.
The preferred colors of the coat are white on the chest and legs, black on the sides and back and neck and tan elsewhere. However, any hound color is acceptable.
At A Glance
Country of Origin:
FCI Classification: Group 6: Scenthounds; Small-sized Hounds
AKC Classification: Hound Group
Medium (13-16 inches at shoulders)
Any recognized hound color other than liver
5 – 7
9 – 15 years
Beagles need quick daily brushing and regular ear cleaning. They are naturally looking dogs and do not require trimming.
Lively, active, high energy, eager to please, intelligent and mischievous. Bold, with high activity, stamina and determination. Alert and of even temperament, showing no aggression or timidity.
Gets along with cats when properly socialized from puppyhood.
Suitability for Children:
Patient with children of all ages.
Medium-High. Beagles require daily 60-90 minutes of energetic exercise. They have a strong hunting instinct and should never be off-leash unless very well trained.
Can be hard to house train, slow to learn new things, stubborn.
Health & Behavioral Issues:
Beagles shed a lot and have a distinctive dog odor. They can be very noisy. It is strongly recommended to buy a Beagle puppy from a reputable breeder to avoid temperament problems. Beagle hereditary and acquired diseases, including:
White opacities in the lenses of the eyes that impair vision or cause blindness.
A complex neurological disorder involving cervical spinal cord (part of spinal cord in the neck area).
An inherited skin disorder characterized by extremely stretchy and fragile skin that tears at the slightest scratch causing scars and wounds.
Also called Demodex mange, is an allergic reaction to Demodex mites. The mites are transferred directly from the mother to the puppies within the first week of life.
An elevation of pressure in the eyeball because an obstruction prevents fluids in the eye from flowing out. Signs of glaucoma include cloudy pupils, large pupils, and redness.
A common back problem in many breeds of dogs, including Beagle. It is manifested by acute pain, loss of movement coordination and paralysis.
A hereditary eye disorder characterized by abnormal smallness of the eye.
A collective term comprising a group of hereditary degenerative lesions of the retina (a layer of nervous tissue which covers the back of the eyeball where the sensation of vision occurs.)
In this condition, the gland of the third eyelid, which produces about one-third of the tear film, prolapses as a pink fleshy mass protruding over the edge of the third eyelid. It can become inflamed and ulcerated.
An abnormal narrowing of the right ventricular outflow tract or stricture of the pulmonary artery. This abnormality leads to the enlargement of the right ventricle and the increase of the heart blood pressure.
A congenital, local or generalized malformation in the eye that may result from trauma, a genetic defect, or damage caused by a viral infection. Most forms of retinal dysplasia in dogs are inherited.
Inherited immune system disorder characterized by lack or insufficient production of immunoglobulin protein that protects the body against infections.
Other diseases and health disorders
Epilepsy (a disease manifested by convulsive attacks usually with clouding of consciousness)
Mitral valve disease (heart problem)