More
    Categories

    Bird Records

    Related Articles

    Extreme Facts About Birds

    Largest recorded nesting bird colony: 136 million passenger pigeons nesting in an area in Wisconsin covering 1,942 sq km (750 sq mi).

    Most abundant wild bird: Red-billed quelea at up to 100 billion.

    Most northerly nesting bird: Ivory gull at the edge of pack ice about 400 mi south of the North Pole.

    Bird with the safest nesting ground: Providence petrel on Lord Howe Island off Australia (no predators).

    Bird with the most dangerous nesting ground: Japanese white-naped crane in the DMV between North and South Korea.

    Largest ground nest: Dusky scrubfowl nest at 36 ft wide and 16 ft high with over 300 tons of forest floor litter.

    Largest tree nest: Bald eagle in Florida at 20 ft deep, 9.5 ft wide and weighing almost 3 tons.

    Smallest nest: Cuban bee and vervain hummingbirds at 0.78 inches in breadth and 0.78-1.2 inches deep

    Largest egg laid by bird existing today: Ostrich; 7 by 4.5 inches.

    Heaviest recorded egg laid by any bird ever: Extinct elephant bird; 18 lb.

    Largest egg laid relative to body weight: Little spotted kiwi and storm petrel at 25%.

    Smallest egg lid relative to body weight: Ostrich egg at 1-1.5%

    Smallest egg: West Indian vervain hummingbird at 10 mm (0.39 in) in length and ).375 g (0.0132 oz)

    Longest uninterrupted incubation period: Emperor penguin at 64-67 days

    Shortest incubation period: 11 days by small passerines

    Longest one-way migration (assuming a coastal route): Common tern at 26,000 km (16,210 mi) in January 1997

    Longest two-way annual migration: Arctic tern nesting in the Arctic and wintering in the Antarctic up to 17,700 km (11,000 mi) each way

    Longest distance flown non-stop relative to a small body size: 800 km (500 mi) by ruby-throated hummingbird migrating across the Caribbean Gulf

    Birds with the least connection to land: Ancient murrelet

    Most aquatic bird: Penguins with 75% of their lives spent in the sea

    Fastest running bird: Ostrich at 60 mph

    Fastest running flying bird: Greater roadrunner at 26 mph

    Furthest distance walked by a migrating bird: Emu in Australia (320 mi)

    Fastest underwater swimming bird: Gentoo penguin at 22.3 mph

    One pigeon was recorder flying for several hours at 110 mph, an Olympian feat by any measure.

    Deepest dive for a non-flying bird: Emperor penguin at 1,772 ft

    Greatest weight-carrying capacity feat: Pallas’s fish eagle (8 lb) lifting a carp (13 lb), i.e. 160% of its body weight.

    Heaviest and tallest bird: Ostrich at maximum 345 lb and 9 ft

    Heaviest flying bird: Great bustard at maximum 46.3 lb

    Tallest flying bird: Sarus crane at 6 ft

    Greatest wingspan: Wandering albatross at up to 11 ft 11 in

    Greatest wingspan of landbirds: Andean condor and marabou stork tied at 10.5 ft

    Smallest bird: Bee hummingbird at 2.24 in and 0.056 oz

    Longest legs: Ostrich

    Longest legs relative to body length: Black-winged stilt at 9 in or 60% of its height

    Absolute shortest legs: Virtually non-existent in swifts

    Longest bill relative to body length: Sword-tailed pine cones

    Longest feathers: Onagadori, a domestic strain of red jungle fowl, at 34.75 ft

    Longest tail feathers: Crested argus pheasant at 5.7 ft

    Widest tail feathers: Crested argus pheasant at 5.1 in

    Shortest tails: Virtually non-existent in kiwis, emus, rheas, cassowaries

    Greatest number of feathers: Whistling swan at 25,216

    Lowest number of feathers: Ruby-throated hummingbird at 940

    Fastest moving bird: Diving peregrine falcon reliably measured at 200 mph

    Fastest flapping flight: White-throated needle-tailed swift at 106 mph

    Fastest level flight: Red-breasted merganser at 100 mph

    Fastest moving racing pigeon: 110 mph

    Slowest flying bird: American woodcock at 5 mph

    Fastest wingbeat: Hummingbirds; e.g. amethyst woodstar and horned sungem at 90/sec

    Keenest sense of smell: Kiwi, turkey vulture, petrel

    Keenest sense of hearing: Barn owl (the best tested), screech owl, boreal owl, great gray owl

    Highest visual acuity: Diurnal raptors with over 1 million cones per sq.mm in the retinal fovea

    Best light-gathering capacity at night: Owls

    Highest daily frequency of pecking: 12,000 times by black woodpecker

    Most intelligent bird: African gray parrot, crow family, “bait-fishing” green and striated herons

    Most talkative bird: African gray parrot with a vocabulary of 800 words

    Greatest bird mimic: Marsh warbler with up to 84 songs

    Most songs sung per unit time: 22,197 in 10 hours by a red-eyed vireo

    Bird with the farthest carrying sound: Boom of the kakapo of New Zealand heard 4 miles away

    Birds capable of echolocation: Cave swiftlets and oilbirds

    Greatest hibernator: Poorwill with body temperature lowered to 64-68 degrees F

    Fastest heartbeat: Hummingbird at 16 beats per second

    Coldest temperature regularly endured by a bird: Average temperatures of -50 degrees F (-45.6 degrees C ) for emperor penguins

    Coldest temperature endured by a bird: -80.5 degrees F (-62.5 degrees C) by snowy owls

    Coldest temperature on land where a bird has been recorded: -129 degrees F (- 89.6 degrees C)

    Warmest temperature regularly endured by a bird: Larks and wheatears at (111-113 degrees F (44-45 degrees C)

    Categories

    Other Topics

    Symphyla

    Symphylas, also called garden symphylans and garden centipedes, are not insects, but members of the class Symphyla. Species of this class are...

    Tree Frogs (Hyla)

    Overview Equipped with large suction pads at the tips of their toes, treefrogs have the unfrog-like ability to...

    Tibetan Spaniel

    History & Overview The Tibetan Spaniel is a small, intelligent, vivacious, alert dog which has been known in...

    Tracheal Collapse

    What Is A Tracheal Collapse? The trachea is a tube or system of tubes that carry, moistens and...

    Bacterial & Skin Diseases

    It is believed that 99% of health problems in rabbits would not occur with proper management, which includes good sanitation, feeding high-quality feed, taking time daily to clean and fill water and feed bowls, providing adequate room, cleaning sitting boards, cleaning ears and checking teeth and continually providing protection from cold, heat, wind and rain. Sanitation plays a major role in the health of your rabbit and cannot be overemphasized. Failure to adhere to good sanitation practices will inevitably result in the development of bacterial and fungal diseases.