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    Aquarium Maintenance
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    Aeration: Pumps & Air Stones

    If an aquarium system does not utilize a water pump, compressed air is solely responsible for water movement and gas exchange. Most...

    Feeding in Marine Aquariums

    Fishes can be divided into 3 main feeding categories: Carnivores, or those that eat only animal material.Herbivores, or...

    Filtration Systems

    Ammonia Wastes One of the principal waste products of marine fishes and invertebrates and the main nitrogenous substance resulting from...

    Fish: Classification, Feeding and Reproduction

    Classification The words "reptile" and "bird" are precise in meaning, for they denote a member of a particular...

    Freshwater Fish for Beginners

    Some aquarium fish species are particularly easy to care for. They are well suited for a beginner's community tank where pH ranges...

    Marine Aquarium Considerations

    The succes of keeping a marine species native to tropical seacoasts and reefs is a relatively recent development and is measured not...

    Marine Tank Setup

    Reverification Although you have followed directions and the water is at the proper pH and salinity (or specific...

    Plants in Marine Aquariums

    Overview Plants comprise a major part of a freshwater aquarium but are not really necessary in a marine...

    Rocks and Coral For Marine Aquarium

    Naturally, you don't want a bare tank with just water and sand. Correctly placed pieces of rocks and coral will not only improve the appearance of your...

    Sand Requirements For Marine Aquariums

    Washing Sand After the aquarium is in place, the first consideration is the sand. Cleanliness is of utmost...

    Scavengers

    In all aquaria, it is only a matter of time before unsightly debris collects on the surface of the gravel. Periodically this...

    Water Requirements

    In no other habitable place on earth are so many conditions so stable and so enduring as in the ocean. This stability...