The Chinese Crested Dog is known for its most unusual appearance. It comes in two varieties: Hairless and Powder-Puff. The Hairless dogs are the more famous variety. They have a soft, humanlike skin that is unusual to the touch, though they do have tufts of fur on their paws ("socks") and tail ("plume"), and a long, wavy hair on their heads ("crest"). The breed is believed to have originated in Africa and then traveled to China where it was used on ships to eradicate vermin. In China, this toy breed was originally known as the Treasure House Guardian.
The advantage of owning a naked dog is that it has no body odor, no heavy shedding and no fleas. And people who are allergic to other, hairier breeds, may find that this one causes them no problems. The disadvantage is that a naked dog must wear protective clothing during cold winter months and be kept out of the sun in the summer.
The Powder Puff Chinese Crested Dog variety is not found as often as the Hairless variety. Their full silky that hangs down on both sides of the body comes in particolor - white with patches of gray, tan, or black, and needs weekly brushing and combing.
These dogs are very playful and affectionate. They make excellent pets and can fit any lifestyle and environment. They get along very well with other small animals and children. They do not bark loudly or often and accordingly, they may not be suitable as watchdogs.
Country of Origin: China
Utilization: Toy Dog
FCI Classification: Group 9 - Companion and Toy Dogs; Section 4 - Hairless Dogs; AKC Classification: Toy Group
Size: Small (11-13 inches at shoulders)
Colors: Any color or combination of colors.
Litter Size: 3
Life Span: 10-14 years
Grooming Requirements: Even though this breed does not need professional grooming services, it's a lifetime commitment! The Powder Puff variety needs to be brushed once a week. Hairless variety requires regular massage with lotion to prevent the skin from getting too dry. Both varieties need a bath with medicated shampoo twice a month.
Shedding: Hairless Chinese Crested dogs do not shed. If you brush the powder puffs, they will not shed either.
Personality: Chinese Crested Dogs are very friendly and active. They require no or little exercise and prefer the indoors, which makes them a great pet for elderly people. They make good watchdogs.
Social skills: The Chinese Crested gets along with other cats and dogs very well.
Suitability for Children: Best with children older than 5 years of age.
Exercise Needs: The Chinese Crested is very active indoors which makes him an ideal apartment dog.
Train Ability: Chinese Crested Dogs are known to be hard to house train.
Health & Behavioral Issues: The most common disorders are acne, loss of teeth and claws, skin allergies, and knee dislocation.