History & Overview
The Perro Cimarron is the National Dog of Uruguay that has become very popular there. Also known as the Perro Criollo or the Perro Gaucho, this breed was officially recognized by the FCI in 2006. The breed official title now is Cimarrón Uruguayo. The English name is Uruguayan Cimarron.
The Perro Cimarron is a descendant of the Spanish Mastiff brought to South America in the 17th century. These mastiffs are thought to have been crossed with sighthounds to create a tough and athletic dog, especially for use on the often remote ranches in the Uruguayan countryside.
In its homeland, it is used as a guard dog and hunter of wild boar. The word “cimarron” means literally “untamed”, or “wild”. It is also used as an alternative name for the Rocky Mountain Sheep. The word “criollo” means literally “native to the locality”. This breed is currently employed as herding, big game hunting and guard dog.
They are often described as an intelligent dog of great courage and balanced temperament. In personality, this breed is usually described as intelligent and of great courage. Aggressive toward strangers and intruders, it is balanced and calm around its human family.
The Perro Cimarron is a medium-sized dog of Molossian type, strong, compact, well-muscled and agile. The preferred colors of the short coat are all shades of fawn and brindle with or without a mask. The coat has an undercoat.