The English Cocker Spaniel is a breed of flushing dogs used for hunting small game. Cockers quarter in front of the walking hunter at a close range, use their good nose to find and flush the birds, and are expected to retrieve the downed game after the shot.
The English Cocker Spaniel derives his name from the woodcock, or, as some believe, the cock pheasant. The breed was developed in the early 1800s and was ideally suited for the task of finding and retrieving woodcocks from the dense brush. It so excelled at his job that American sportsmen began importing the breed in the 19th century.
It is praised for his rapid action in the field, tireless enthusiasm for finding and pursuing hare or searching grouse, dove, and other game. He is a superb water dog that excels on wood duck, and teal yet can also handle bigger ducks.
English Cockers are friendly, affectionate, and loyal dogs. Their nature can be defined by just one word – “Happy.” They are happy with you, your family, other dogs, and also with complete strangers. They adapt well to all environments, provided they have enough daily exercise.
English Cocker Spaniels make good watchdogs, but will not protect their property. English Cockers are very sensitive and bond strongly with their owners. They are highly trainable, as has been evidenced by the excellent results in agility and obedience tests.
English Cocker Spaniels are slightly taller, heavier, and more solid than American Cocker Spaniels, built more like a miniature setter, with a longer muzzle, low-set ears, and less prominent eyes.
The coat can be black, liver, red, and golden. Any of these colors can have accent points over the eys, on the throat, muzzle, and feet. The parti-color coat pattern combines the primary color with roan, ticked, or open markings. They can way up to thirty pounds.