A cat that is frightened or in pain is generally is very uncooperative and must be approached and handled carefully. The cat has a habit of hiding when sick or injured, which the animal may be difficult to find. When dealing with an injured animal, it is best to have to people present. It is most important to transport the cat to a vet as safely and quickly as possible.
Only undertake treatment if a life-threatening condition such as stoppage of breathing, cardiac arrest, severe bleeding, and shock. Some first-aid measures such as cardiac massage and artificial respiration should only be undertaken if you are out of reach for prompt veterinary help while you apply first aid.
Approach an injured cat with caution. Have a towel or blanket ready to wrap around the cat. This serves as a restraint and assists in lifting to prevent further injury. Soothe the animal by talking quietly and calmly. If there is a possibility of internal injuries or fractures, approach the cat from behind.
Lift the cat gently by placing one hand on the scruff of the neck and slide the other under the rump. Avoid twisting or turning the body as you lay it on the towel or newspapers in a box or carrier. If the animal is struggling, cover it with a cloth before picking it up.
Shock usually occurs following trauma and results from the collapse of the circulatory system, causing a decrease in blood pressure. In the event of a shock, immediate first aid must be given. Transport the cat as rapidly as is safely possible to a veterinarian. Keep the cat warm and comfortable. Do not administer fluids or food. Lowering the head slightly will help maintain blood flow to the brain.
Road Traffic Accidents
When a cat has been struck by a car, the priority is moving it to safety. Use a blanket or canvas to immobilize and cover the cat as you quickly assess its condition. If the cat is breathing but immobile, it could be suffering from a head or internal injury. Abnormal respiration and pale tongue and gums may be indicative of shock, internal bleeding, or a crushed chest. These injuries need prompt medical attention.