The Fox Sparrow (Passerella iliaca) is a relatively large species. It is brown, red-brown, or gray above and streaked below with a large central spot. These birds scratches vigorously for seeds, small fruits, and insects among fallen leaves, jumping forward and back with both feet and spraying litter in all directions. Its summer food is mostly insects and other animals.
Its voice is as distinctive as its appearance. The song is a series of rich, often slurred whistles run together in a short “sentence.” Indeed, the general impression is that of a conversation.
Length: 6 – 7.5 inches
Habitat: Scrubby trees of sub-Arctic and mountain slopes; forest undergrowth; thickets, farmlands, parks (migration, winter).