History & Overview
The Japanese Spitz, known in his native Japan as Nihon Supittsu, is one of the Nordic-type medium-sized spitz dogs which share many characteristics, including rectangular-shaped heads with small, erect, forward-pointing ears, and pointed fox-like muzzles. They have medium-long coats and tails carried over their backs.
The breed has been reported to have been in Japan since the 1920s, although its exact origin is unknown. One of the theories claims that the Japanese Spitz descended from white German Spitz imported to Japan via Russia and China. Another theory suggests that the breed originated from the American Eskimo Dog, solid white spitz of similar size, which was brought to Japan in the late 1920s.
The Japanese Spitz makes an excellent family companion. The Japanese Spitz temperament is described as alert, cheerful and keen. He is always happy to be with people and children of all ages, as long as they treat the dog with respect. Harsh treatment or scolding will make these dogs nervous.
The double coat consists of long, straight outercoat and short, soft, and dense undercoat. The foreface, ears, front of forearms and part below hocks are covered with short hair, while the rest of the body has abundant long hair. The coat color is pure white. According to the breed standard, the ideal height at the shoulders is between 12 and 15 inches.
Despite the white color, the coat stays clean and free of odor. Weekly brushing will take care of dead hair between the shedding seasons.
- FCI-Standard # 262
- Michael P. Rule – Japanese Spitz (Comprehensive Owner’s Guide)