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    Marsh & Pond Turtles

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    Overview

    All of North America’s four kinds of pond turtle spend some time on land.

    Although the Wood turtle winters in a sheltered spot underwater, at other times of the year it may wander through woodlands, meadows, and plowed fields.

    The Spotted turtle likes to bask on grass tussocks in spring.

    The Pacific (Western) Pond turtle, the only freshwater turtle in most of its range (it overlaps slightly with the Painted turtle), is the most aquatic member of this group. Often seen basking alone on a favorite rock, log, or mudbank, it too is quick to dive when disturbed.

    The Bog turtle lives in scattered areas from New York to North Carolina. Bright yellow or orange blotches on the sides of its head contrast sharply with its basically brown shell. Like the other pond turtles, it feeds on mollusks and other small animals as well as on aquatic plants.

    Conservation Status

    Wood Turtles suffer greatly from habitat loss and degradation. The specialized wetland habitats used by Spotted Turtles have been widely drained and converted by humans into agricultural and residential land. Many of the remaining Spotted turtle populations are now very small and isolated.

    Clemmys insculpta (Wood Turtle)

    IUCN Red List: Endangered (EN)

    Clemmys muhlenbergii (Bog Turtle)

    IUCN Red List: Critically Endangered (CR)

    Actinemys marmorata (Western Pond Turtle)

    IUCN Red List: Vulnerable (VU)

    Clemmys guttata (Spotted Turtle)

    IUCN Red List: Endangered (EN)

    Video Credits: Chelonian Films
    Image Credits: Candid_Shots

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