Miniature Pinscher

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    History & Overview

    Miniature Pinscher dogs are a relatively new breed, spanning back only about 100 years ago. These dogs are very active around the home and are very brave for their small stature. Because they are attentive and equipped with a loud bark, they will serve very well for alerting their owners of approaching visitors. They can be rather quick and persistent with their bark, so owners who live in close quarters with others or find loud dogs to be unappealing would be well advised to look for another breed.

    Although similar in appearance to the Doberman Pinscher, the Minpin is not a Miniature Doberman. Rather, it is believed that the breed is much older, with the similarities between the breeds a result of their common relation to the German Pinscher. It is believed by many that the name pinscher was taken from the English language and referred to the dog’s manner to kill vermin quickly by grabbing and holding fast.


    Stylish and saucy, the Miniature Pinscher’s proud carriage and regal gait have earned him the nickname King of the Toys. Every member of this breed has a unique personality. He will approach even gigantic dogs in play, sometimes with aggression. Owners have to be cautious for their dogs since Min Pins believe that they are a match for anything on four legs. It has a terrier-type tenacity. They are quick to bark a warning when strange cars pull up to the house, or unfamiliar footsteps draw near.

    At A Glance

    Other Names:


    Country of Origin:



    House and Companion Dog


    FCI Classification: Group 2 – Pinschers, Schnauzers & Molossian Types. Section 2.1 – Molossoid breeds, Mastiff type
    AKC Classification: Toy Group


    Small (10 – 12 inches at shoulders)


    • Deer red, reddish-brown to dark red brown
    • Black and Tan: Lacquer black with red or brown markings

    Litter Size:


    Life Span:

    13 – 15 years

    Grooming Requirements:

    Needs quick brushing every few days to remove dead hair and nail trimming.




    These dogs can be a bit of a handful, but if given the proper attention and training, they can also be a loving, loyal companion. Min-Pins make good watchdogs.

    Social skills:

    If adequately socialized at an early age, Pinschers get along with other animals but still will chase strange animals outside their homes when given the slightest chance.

    Suitability for Children:

    Early introduction to young children is critical. Pinching and sudden moves can lead to defensive biting.

    Exercise Needs:

    While they are very active around the house, unlike many other smaller dogs, they require a good amount of additional outside activity.

    Train Ability:

    Miniature Pinscher is also immensely strong-willed and requires a great deal of attention and consistency in its training. They are notorious for being difficult to house train. This breed is very stubborn, but wants to please. Once they learn something, it is in their mind forever. They make great obedience and agility dogs. Because of their high energy, they do not get worn out like some other Toy breeds.

    Health & Behavioral Issues:

    Pinschers love to run and play around children which very often results in legs injuries. Dislocation of knees and eye problems are quite common.

    Video Credits: AnimalWised


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