Gastric Dilation Volvulus (GDV) and twisting of a dog's stomach is a serious condition veterinarians call gastric dilation volvulus, or GDV. May be caused by overeating, especially in predisposed breeds, but often there is no underlying cause. A dog with GDV will have a distended abdomen and may appear restless and depressed and have dry heaves. More about Gastric Dilation Volvulus (GDV) or Bloat
Sebaceous Adenitis (SA) is a hereditary immune skin disease. It cannot be cured, but can be treated. In SA the sebaceous glands that adjoin the hair follicles become inflamed and are gradually destroyed. Most common signs include excessive dandruff, skin lesions on the back and ears, patchy hair loss. If left untreated, skin bacterial infections may develop. The disease occurs in many dog breeds. Affected carriers must NOT be bred. Long-term treatment is necessary to control the disease.
Hip dysplasia is a progressive degenerative condition of the pelvic joint that can lead to severe lameness and pain in large breed dogs. It can be very debilitating, but with the help of several ingenious surgical techniques, the function of the leg can be restored-sometimes almost to normal capacity. Dysplasia of the elbow joint is also common. More about Hip dysplasia [...]
Microphthalmia is a hereditary eye disorder characterized by abnormal smallness of the eye. More about Microphthalmia
Cataracts are white opacities in the lenses of the eyes that impair vision or cause blindness. More about Cataracts and Other Eye Problems
Glaucoma is an elevation of pressure in the eyeball because an obstruction prevents fluids in the eye from flowing out. Signs of glaucoma include cloudy pupils, large pupils, and redness. More about Glaucoma
Canine idiopathic thrombocytopenia (CIT), or Immune mediated thrombocytopenia (ITP) is a condition resulting from the immune system disorder when there are not enough platelets. Platelets are blood cells produced in the bone marrow that help blood to clot. More about Canine idiopathic hrombocytopenia (CIT)
Mitral Valve Disease is a common name for several heart diseases affecting the mitral valve - the inlet valve which opens from the left upper chamber of the heart (left atrium). The valve defects result in abnormal flow of blood in the heart: leaking or regurgitation, and stenosis or blocking the flow of blood through the valve. The disturbed blood flow causes heart murmurs which can be from barely audible to very loud and audible with stethoscope. Dogs with congenital heart valve defects may need treatment with drugs. Some valve defects may be repaired with surgery. In severe cases the disorder may result in heart failure.
Optic Nerve Hypoplasia (ONH) is the underdevelopment of the optic nerve during pregnancy. ONH may occur infrequently in one eye (unilateral) but more commonly in both eyes (bilateral). ONH is not progressive, and cannot be cured. ONH may occur by itself or along with neurological or hormonal abnormalities. Affected eyes usually are blind or have very poor vision. The pupil of the affected eye is noticeably larger. In unilateral ONH the diagnosis usually is incidental (the dog fails the swinging flashlight test). Affected dogs and close relatives should not be used for breeding.
Von Willebrand Disease (vWd)-is the most common canine hereditary bleeding disorder. There are three subtype classifications which are dependent on the severity of clinical signs, mode of inheritance, and biochemical abnormalities of von Willebrand factor protein (vWf). Type 1 vWd has been observed in many canine breeds and in cats. There is a mild bleeding tendency. In Type 2 vWd there is a moderate bleeding tendency. In Type 3 vWd there is a moderate bleeding tendency. Von Willebrand factor is usually 0 percent. Many breeds of purebred dogs are affected.
Other diseases and health disorders include epilepsy (a disease manifested by convulsive attacks usually with clouding of consciousness), and Mutant color alopecia (coat color-dependent hair loss).