The Chihuahua is the smallest breed of dog and is named for the Chihuahua region in Mexico. Prized for their personality and loyalty, Chihuahuas are thought to be descendants of an ancient, similar, but slightly larger breed associated with royalty in Aztec civilizations known as the Techichi. The Chihuahua is the oldest canine breed in North America.

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Long Coat Chihuahua

El Vanchito Van 't Eiland Ouburg

Smooth Coat Chihuahua

Blue Moon Van 't Eiland Ouburg


The Chihuahua is the world's smallest dog and its history is shrouded in mystery. Some believe that it originated in Asia, others that it came from Europe. But no matter where the breed got its start, it really is a dog of Mexico. This coupled with the fact that in several Mayan dialects "chi" means dog, would seem to place the ancestors of the Chihuahua in the Mayan period.

The Chihuahua comes in two varieties: smooth with a short, close-lying, glossy coat, and the long-coated, with soft-textured, flat or slightly wavy hair that forms a fringe of longer hair on the neck, legs, and tail. Chihuahuas are affectionate but they are also alert and make an excellent little watchdog. They are very loyal and get attached to one or two persons. The Chihuahua is very protective and can bark at the slightest provocation. Chihuahuas are very sociable with their own kind. So several Chihuahuas can live happily in the same household.

The Chihuahua is vulnerable to the colds and should not live outside.

Both photos courtesy of Chihuahua kennel Van 't Eiland Ouburg
World class Chihuahua breeder from Belgium specializing in Long Coat and Smooth Coat Chihuahuas

Chihuahua Breed Outline

Country of Origin:Mexico
Classification FCI: Group 9 Companion and Toy Dogs - Section 6 Chihuahueño.
Utilization: Companion Dog
AKC Registration: Toy Group

Height:6-9 inches
Weight:5-6 lbs
Colors: All colors are acceptable. Colors range from snow white to jet black and can be solid, marked or splashed.
Other Names:Chi
Average Litter Size:3
Life Span:12-15 years
Personality:Chihuahuas are intelligent, alert, curious and hardy. Chihuahuas are wary of strangers and make good watchdogs. They make excellent companions to elderly and single people.
Grooming Requirements: They need regular brushing, ear cleaning and nail trimming.
Social skills: Chihuahuas usually get along with other small animals but can be extremely suspicious about strange dogs.
Suitable for Children:Not the best choice for families with young children. They can be snappy with small children and have low tolerance of them. These dogs are not recommended to families with children under 4.
Exercise Needs:Little

Train Ability:Chihuahuas are difficult to house break.

Health:Hypoglycemia, joints problems.
Negative Characteristics:Unstable temperament.

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