Pug Training - Obedience Training
You should never begin serious obedience training before your dog is seven or eight months old. While your Pug dog is still in his puppyhood, concentrate on winning his confidence so he will love and admire you. Basic training can be started When your Pug puppy is three to four months old. Your Pug puppy should be taught to walk nicely on a leash, sit and lie down on command, and come when he is called.
Training Rules & Equipment
1. PATIENCE AND PRAISE
You must patiently demonstrate to your Pug what each word of command means. Guide him with your hands and training leash, reassuring him with your voice, through whatever routine you are teaching him. Repeat the word associated with the act. demonstrate again and again to give the Pug a chance to make the connection in his mind.
Once he begins to get the idea, use the word of command without any physical guidance. Drill him. When he maks mistakes, correct him, kindly first, more severely as his training progresses. Never slap him with your hand or the leash during the training session.
When your Pug puppy does what you want, praise him lavishly with words and with pats. Do not continually reward your Pug puppy with dog candy and treats in training. The dog that gets into the habit of performing for a treat will seldom be fully dependable when he can't smell or see one in the offing. When your Pug puppy carries out a command, even though the performance is slow or sloppy, praise him and he will perform more readily the next time.
2. TRAINING VOICE
When you start training your Pug, use your training voice, giving commands in a firm, clear tone. Once you give a command, persist until it is obeyed, even if you have to pull the Pug puppy to obey you. He must learn that training is different from playing, that a command once given must be obeyed no matter what distractions are present. Remember that the tone and pitch of your voice, not loudness, are the qualities that will influence your dog most.
Be consistent in the use of words during training. Confine your comands to as few words as possible and never change them. It is best for only one person to carry the dog's training, because different people will use different words and tactics that will confuce your Pug. The dog who hears "come", "get over here", "hurry up", "here Rex", and other commands when he is wanted will become totally confused.
3. TRAINING LESSONS
Training is hard on your Pug puppy and you. A young dog just cannot take more than 5 minutes of training at a stretch, so limit the length of your first lessons. Then you will gradually increase the length of time to about fifteen minutes. You'll find that you too will get impatient when you stretch out a training lesson. Before and after a training session have a play period, but do not play during a training session. Even the youngest dog soon learns that training is a serious matter and fun comes afterward.
Don't spend too much time on one phase of training, or the dog will become bored. Always try to end a lesson on a pleasant note. Actually, in nine cases out of ten, if your dog isn't doing what you want it's because you're not getting the idea to him properly.
4. TRAINING EQUIPMENT
You will nedd a metal-link collar, called a choke chain, consisting of a metal chain with rings on each end. Even though the name may sound frightening, it won't hurt your dog, and it is an absolute MUST in training. There is a right and a wrong way to put the training collar on. It should go around the dog's neck so that you can attach the leash to the ring at the end of the chain which passes over, not under the neck. It is most important that the collar is put on properly so it will tighten when the leash is pulled and ease when you relax your grip.
The correct way to hold the leash is also very important, as the collar should have some slack in it at all times, except when correcting. Holding the loop in your right hand, extend your arm out to the side, even with your shoulder. With your left hand, grasp the leash as close as possible to the collar, without making it tight. The remaining portion of the leash can be made into a loop which is held in the right hand. Keep this arm close to your body. Most corrections will be made with the left hand by giving the leash a jerk in the direction you want your Pug dog to go.
While housebreaking your puppy, do not let him have the run of the house. If you do you will find that he will pick out his own bathroom, which may be in your bedroom or in the middle of the living room rug. Keep him confined to a small area where you can watch him, and you will be able to train him much more easily and speedily. a puppy does not want to dirty his bed, but he does need to be taught where he should go.
Never line your pup's sleeping area with newspaper. Puppy litters are usually raised on newspaper and, once in your home, the puppy will immediately associate newspaper with voiding. Never put newspaper on any floor while house-training, as this will only confuce the puppy. If you are paper-training him, use paper in his designated relief area only. finally, restrict water intake after evening meals. Offer a few licks at a time - never let a young puppy gulp water after meals.
When you remove the soiled papers, leave a small damp piece so that the puppy's sense of smell will lead him back ther next time.
You can begin outdoor training on a leash even while you are paper-training your puppy. first thing in the morning take him outdoors and walk him back and forth in a small area until he relieves himself. Praise your puppy every time taking him outside brings results, and he will get the idea. You'll find, when you begin the outdoor training, that the male puppy usually requires a longer walk than the female.
Cleaning Up Techniques
Accidents will happen and you will need to clean up. Since fresh urine is acid, while old, dried urine is alkaline, they call for different strategies. Although many books recommend cleaning urine with vinegar, never use vinegar on fresh urine - it makes the situation worse. Vinegar increases the acidity of the urine, providing a good environment for more odor-causing bacteria to form. Instead, blot, don't rub, with dry paper towels or rags; then blot with rags or paper towels moistened in warm water. Or use club soda instead of water. Blot with alternating wet and dry towels several times, until you've removed most or all of the actual urine. Then wash the area with a mild, diluted dish-detergent solution (one teaspoon in a quart of warm water), and rinse and dry thoroughly.