Pug Breed

The Pug is the largest member of the well known Toy breed group. With an average height of 8 inches, and a weight of 13 pounds, Pugs are definitely more than a handful of dog. In personality this dog is the perfect household companion - patient, non-aggressive, good-natured and incredibly tolerant with children. Furthermore, he is practically odor-free, requires little grooming and is not as vocal as some other small dogs.

Pugs are not free from health problems, though. Eye and breathing problems run in this breed, as well as skin infections. Pugs can also suffer from a fatal disease specific to their breed called Pug Dog Encephalitis, which is a chronic form of granulomatous meningoencephalitis (inflammation of the brain). The disease progresses rapidly, and there is currently no known cause or cure.

The Orient undoubtedly gave the world this philosophical little fellow, but when - it appears to be impossible to say. The dogs resembling the modern Pug were known in China as "Foo" or "Fu" dogs as early as several hundred years before the Christian era. However, there is no doubt that the Pug breed also appeared in Russia and France at an early date. Originating in China, this handsome toy dog became very popular in England. In 1882, the first British Pug-dog club was formed and is still active. One of the first breeders of Pugs in the United States was Dr. M.H. Cryer who imported his Pugs from England. The American Kennel Club accepted the breed in 1885 and after that the popularity of Pugs grew. The ancient Pug and the modern Pug are easily recognizable as a breed. There is probably no any other breed of dog whose fundamental characteristics have remained as constant over an unknown number of centuries as that of the Pug. However, the Pug of today shows marked improvement in simmetry of body due to selective breeding. Pug is very intelligent, exceptionally clean and completely free of "doggy" odor. His coat is short and he sheds very little. He does not drool, as so many short-faced dogs do, and he is very easy to train. Pug is an excellent watchdog, a great playmate for children and also a gentle and quiet companion for elderly people. So, you must have a Pug!

At one time the ears of the Pug were cropped, but today the Pug has his beautiful black, velvety soft ears left just as nature intended. One cannot ask for a more accomodating companion than a Pug. He should be protected from extremes of heat and cold.


Other Names: Mops, Carlin (France), Carlino (Italy), Mops Hund (Germany), Mops (Sweden), Doguillo (Spain)

Country of Origin: China, Patronage - Great Britain

Utilization: Companion Dog

Registration FCI Classification: Group 9 - Companion and Toy Dogs; Small Molossian type dogs (without working trial); AKC Classification: Toy Grou

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Size: Small. Weight: 14 -18 pounds for males or females. The FCI. standard is based on the standard of the member club of the country of origin or patronage - Great Britain and its weight requirements are 14 -18 pounds.

Colors: Colors vary slightly in breed standards. Acceptable colors include: apricot, apricot fawn, silver, silver fawn, and black. The mask and trace (black line extended from occiput to twist) should be as dark as possible. FCI standard colors: silver, apricot, fawn or black. Muzzle or mask, ears, moles on cheeks, thumb mark or diamond on forehead and trace as black as possible.

Litter Size: 3

Life Span: 12-15 years

Grooming Requirements: Weekly brushing to remove dead hair, daily cleaning of facial wrinkles, regular eye and teeth cleaning and nail trimming.

Shedding: Heavy. Pugs will leave hair on everything you own.

Personality: Pugs are loyal, playful, eager to please, friendly with everyone.

Social skills: Pugs get along very well with other animals.

Suitability for Children: They love to play with children and are wonderfully tolerant with kids of all ages.

Exercise Needs: Pugs need 40-60 minutes daily exercise.

Train Ability: The Pug is known to be stubborn and may take some effort to house break.

Health & Behavioral Issues: Hip dysplasia, Pug dog encephalitis, , PRA (blindness), breathing problems (stenotic nares) and other health problems.

Pug Grooming

The Pug is one of easiest dogs to groom and to keep in good condition. For external beauty, bright, sparkling eyes and lustrous, rich coat, the dog must be clean and wholesome inside. Good food, clean fresh water, attention to regularity of bowel movements and plenty of rest, exercise, fresh air and sunshine will make your grooming problems no problems at all.

If the coat is in good condition you will find a minim um of shedding. Brush vigorously a few minutes daily, using a good stiff natural bristle brush. The Pug will love it, and the "chore" becomes a pleasure. Do not use a wire brush on a Pug. Frequent baths are unnnecessary. If your dog has been romping outdoors and is dusty or has acquired some healthy mud on him, rub his coat with a rough towel wrung out in hot water. Rub vigorously and then dry. When the coat is dry, brush well and watch it shine.

Use shampoos without medications or alcohol. Before starting the shampooing, have on hand the shampoo, wash cloth, several turkish towels, a small jar with absorbent cotton, cotton balls, and a small jar of baby oil. Before starting the bathing, gently place a little wad of cotton in the dog's ears to keep the soap and water from entering the ear canal. Wash the face and the head with the wash cloth, being sure to clean the fold and crease over the nose thoroughly; then rinse well. Now, use a nozzle spray and wet the dog thoroughly from his neck down. Apply the shampoo, lather well over and rub. The key here is to rinse very well until the coat "sqeaks" when you run your hand over it. Rub with a turkish towel to dry the dog. After the dog is dry, brush well.

Check the dog's ears. If they are dirty, remove the accumulation of dirt and wax with a cotton ball. do not "dig" into your dog's ears, as you might injure the delicate membrane. Gently pull the ear flap upward and outward and remove the dirt that is easily discernible in the ear. If the ear appears somewhat irritated, a little powdered boric acid may be applied inside the ear. If that does not remedy the situation, consult your veterinarian. Sometimes, an accumulation of moist brown material may indicate ear mites. They can cause serious damage to the ear if allowed to go unchecked.

A Pug's eyes are prominent and subject to injury to a greater extent than eyes of most other dog breeds. When grooming your dog, wipe the eyes gently with cotton moistened in a warm, weak boric acid solution, then dry carefully. If you notice a bluish or grayish cloud over an eye, a very small indentatio, or any other abnormality, consult your veterinarian immediately! sometimes these ulcers are an aftermath of a serious distemper attack or encephalitis. Even if your Pug is the only pet in the household, keep his nails trimmed.

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