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    History & Overview

    Today this breed is universally known as Rottweiler, but in earlier times it was sometimes called the Rottweil Dog. In Germany it was first called the Rottweiler Metzerhund which translates literally as the “Butcher’s Dog.” The breed was established at the commercial and agricultural town of Rottweil. Although this dog’s original function was to control the cattle on their way to the slaughter it also acquired other duties acting as a livestock guardian and eventually as a protector of the property.


    The Rottweiler is a medium to large dog that is one of the strongest and most powerful dogs in the world. With all their strength, they are very agile and well-balanced. They are naturally protective animal. Because of his strong-mindedness, the Rottweiler requires an owner who will see that he gets proper training to make him a good family pet. Rotties are very loyal and protective of their family, but early socialization with other dogs and children is crucial. Owning a Rottweiler requires tremendous responsibility and commitment. This is not a breed for timid owners.

    At A Glance

    Other Names:


    Country of Origin:



    Companion, service and working dog


    FCI Classification: Group 2 – Pinschers, Schnauzers & Molossian Types, Swiss Mountain – and Cattle Dogs and other breeds; Molossian type, Mastiff type (with working trial)
    AKC Classification: Working Group


    Medium to Large (23 – 27 inches at shoulders)


    Black with clearly defined markings of a rich tan on the cheeks, muzzle, throat, chest and legs, as well as over both eyes and under the base of the tail.

    Litter Size:


    Life Span:

    10 – 12 years

    Grooming Requirements:

    Medium. Brush once a week with occasional bathing.


    Twice a year in Spring and Fall.


    Good-natured, placid in basic disposition and fond of children, very devoted, obedient, biddable and eager to work. His appearance is natural and rustic, his behavior self-assured, steady and fearless. He reacts to his surroundings with great alertness.

    Social skills:

    Rottweilers may be aggressive towards other dogs. Needs early socialization with other dogs.

    Suitability for Children:

    Should be OK with older children if raised with them at an early age. Rottweilers may “bump” younger children into walls and furniture because of their inherent breeding instincts.

    Exercise Needs:

    Rottweilers need 2 hours of exercise every day or behavioral problems may arise.

    Train Ability:

    The Rottweiler is intelligent but can be dominant. He needs firmness and consistency in training. Responds well to positive remarks when being trained.

    Health & Behavioral Issues:

    Several health problems such as:

    Temperament testing is recommended.

    Video Credits: Animal Planet, Discovery Channel


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