The Scarlet Tanager (Piranga olivacea) is a common and conspicuous species in the oak woods. These birds generally nest in oaks near an opening in the tree canopy. They are frequently victimized by cowbirds. Scarlet Tanagers devour many destructive caterpillars and wood-boring beetles, most often but not exclusively in oaks.
Young males may be principally orange or splotched with red and yellow. The Scarlet Tanager’s song is not hard to pick out: listen to a robin sing for a while, then listen for the same song with a burr in it. The species also has a distinctive, hoarse call, chick-kurr in the East, sometimes chip-chiree elsewhere.