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    Standard Poodle

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    History & Overview

    The Poodle is a very ancient breed and has always been considered to be of French origin. The breed comes in three sizes:

    All over the world, Poodles are considered to be one of the wisest and most intelligent dogs.

    Character

    All poodle sizes are playful, energetic, affectionate and eager to please their owner. His affection and devotion to his family make him one the most charming and interesting companions of the canine world. They love fun and are always ready to jump into the game. The Standard Poodle is also a great retrieving dog.

    Appearance

    Poodles, similar to many other breeds, have a double coat that has the quality and appearance of lamb’s wool. Poodles shed hair similar to other breeds, but this hair is caught and trapped by the undercoat and packs down. Poodles must be groomed regularly, or the coat becomes a knotted unsightly mess. The coat of a Poodle, although requiring more grooming than most other breeds, is particularly advantageous for people with allergies. Best of all, carpets, furniture and clothes will remain hairless and odor free.

    At A Glance

    Other Names:

    Caniche

    Country of Origin:

    France

    Utilization:

    Companion Dog

    Classifications:

    FCI Classification: Group 9 – Companion & Toy Breeds. Section 2 – Poodle. Without working trial
    AKC Classification: Non-Sporting Group

    Size:

    Large (18 – 23 inches at the shoulders)

    Colors:

    Poodles with curly or corded coats : black, white, brown, grey and apricot

    Litter Size:

    7

    Life Span:

    12 – 15 years

    Grooming Requirements:

    Poodles require professional grooming at least every three months. A weekly brushing is also necessary to prevent mats. Regular ear cleaning, hand-stripping, nail trimming are also required. Daily teeth cleaning will prevent tartar accumulation.

    Shedding:

    None

    Personality:

    Poodles are extremely intelligent, loving, and playful. They do not shed and do not cause allergies. They are well tolerated by allergic people. They are pretty vocal and can be good guard dogs, but never aggressive. It is a natural watch dog with a strong sense of territory. The Poodle love exercising and thrive on attention. High-spirited and full of joie-de-vivre, he is bold and assertive, making a highly intelligent companion for all age groups.

    Social skills:

    Usually get along with other animals very well.

    Suitability for Children:

    Miniature and toy Poodles are less tolerant of children than standard Poodles unless introduced to them at an early age.

    Exercise Needs:

    The Standard Poodle needs 1 – 2 hours walk daily. They love to swim.

    Train Ability:

    Extremely easy to train.

    Known Health Risks:

    • Canine Idiopathic Thrombocytopenia (CIT), or Immune-Mediated Thrombocytopenia (ITP)
      • A condition resulting from the immune system disorder when there are not enough platelets. Platelets are blood cells produced in the bone marrow that helps the blood to clot.
    • Cataracts
      • White opacities in the lenses of the eyes that impair vision or cause blindness.
    • Gastric Dilation Volvulus
      • The twisting of a dog’s stomach is a serious condition veterinarians call gastric dilation volvulus, or GDV. May be caused by overeating, especially in predisposed breeds, but often there is no underlying cause. A dog with GDV will have a distended abdomen and may appear restless and depressed and have dry heaves.
    • Glaucoma
      • An elevation of pressure in the eyeball because an obstruction prevents fluids in the eye from flowing out. Signs of glaucoma include cloudy pupils, large pupils, and redness.
    • Hip Dysplasia
      • A progressive degenerative condition of the pelvic joint that can lead to severe lameness and pain in large breed dogs. It can be very debilitating, but with the help of several ingenious surgical techniques, the function of the leg can be restored-sometimes almost to normal capacity. Dysplasia of the elbow joint is also common.
    • Microphthalmia
      • A hereditary eye disorder characterized by abnormal smallness of the eye.
    • Mitral Valve Disease
      • A common name for several heart diseases affecting the mitral valve – the inlet valve which opens from the left upper chamber of the heart (left atrium). The valve defects result in an abnormal flow of blood in the heart: leaking or regurgitation, and stenosis or blocking the flow of blood through the valve. The disturbed blood flow causes heart murmurs which can be from barely audible to very loud and audible with a stethoscope. Dogs with congenital heart valve defects may need treatment with drugs. Some valve defects may be repaired with surgery. In severe cases, the disorder may result in heart failure.
    • Optic Nerve Hypoplasia
      • The underdevelopment of the optic nerve during pregnancy. ONH may occur infrequently in one eye (unilateral) but more commonly in both eyes (bilateral). ONH is not progressive and cannot be cured. ONH may occur by itself or along with neurological or hormonal abnormalities. Affected eyes usually are blind or have very poor vision. The pupil of the affected eye is noticeably larger. In unilateral ONH the diagnosis is often incidental (the dog fails the swinging flashlight test). Affected dogs and close relatives should not be used for breeding.
    • Sebaceous Adenitis
      • A hereditary immune skin disease. It cannot be cured, but can be treated. In SA the sebaceous glands that adjoin the hair follicles become inflamed and are gradually destroyed. Most common signs include excessive dandruff, skin lesions on the back and ears, patchy hair loss. If left untreated, skin bacterial infections may develop. The disease occurs in many dog breeds. Affected carriers must NOT be bred. Long-term treatment is necessary to control the disease.
    • Von Willebrand Disease (vWd)
      • The most common canine hereditary bleeding disorder. There are three subtype classifications which are dependent on the severity of clinical signs, mode of inheritance, and biochemical abnormalities of von Willebrand factor protein (vWf). Type 1 vWd has been observed in many canine breeds and in cats. There is a mild bleeding tendency. In Type 2 vWd, there is a moderate bleeding tendency. In Type 3 vWd, there is a moderate bleeding tendency. Von Willebrand factor is usually 0 percent. Many breeds of purebred dogs are affected.

    Other diseases and health disorders include epilepsy (a disease manifested by convulsive attacks usually with clouding of consciousness), and Mutant color alopecia (coat color-dependent hair loss).

    Video Credits: Animal Planet, Discovery Channel

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